Possessing the mathematical competence to encounter the challenges under globalisation and the ubiquity of digital technology is an important goal of education. Herein, we propose a broad conceptual framework for understanding and developing mathematical competence. The framework comprises four non-overlapping but interlinked cores: learning, knowing, applying, and viewing. Our framework encompasses ontological, epistemological, and pedagogical dimensions based on a multi-dual perspective. The proposed framework serves as a foundation for generating different learning paths to develop mathematical competence. Examples of learning paths are provided to illustrate the correlative and complementary relationships among the cores of mathematical competence.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Innovations in Education and Teaching International|
|Publication status||Published - 2021|