Thoracic vagal efferent nerve stimulation evokes substance P-induced early airway bronchonstriction and late proinflammatory and oxidative injury in the rat respiratory tract

Ping Chia Li, Sheng Chung Li, Yuan Ju Lin, Jin Tung Liang, Chiang-Ting Chien, Chen Fu Shaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Electrical stimulation of efferent thoracic vagus nerve (TVN) evoked neurogenic inflammation in respiratory tract of atropine-treated rats by an undefined mechanism. We explored whether efferent TVN stimulation via substance P facilitates neurogenic inflammation via action of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Our results showed that increased frequency of TVN stimulation concomitantly increased substance P-enhanced hypotension, and bronchoconstriction (increases in smooth muscle electromyographic activity and total pulmonary resistance). The enhanced SP release evoked the appearance of endothelial gap in silver-stained leaky venules, India-ink labeled extravasation, and accumulations of inflammatory cells in the respiratory tract, contributing to trachea plasma extravasation as well as increases in blood O 2- and H2O2 ROS amount. L-732138 (NK1 receptor antagonist), SR-48968 (NK2 receptor antagonist), dimethylthiourea (H2O2 scavenger) or catechins (O 2- and H2O2 scavenger) pretreatment reduced efferent TVN stimulation-enhanced hypotension, bronchoconstriction, and plasma extravasation. Increased frequency of TVN stimulation significantly upregulated the expression of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) in nuclear protein and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in total protein of the lower respiratory tract tissue. The upregulation of NF-κB and ICAM-1 was attenuated by NK receptor antagonist and antioxidants. In conclusion, TVN efferent stimulation increases substance P release to trigger NF-κB mediated ICAM-1 expression and O 2- and H2O2 ROS production in the respiratory tract.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)671-681
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biomedical Science
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Jul 1

Fingerprint

Thoracic Nerves
Vagus Nerve Stimulation
Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1
Substance P
Respiratory System
Rats
Reactive Oxygen Species
Thorax
Wounds and Injuries
Neurogenic Inflammation
Plasmas
Bronchoconstriction
Catechin
Nuclear Proteins
Atropine
Silver
3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)benzyl N-acetyltryptophan
Hypotension
Muscle
Blood

Keywords

  • Intercellular adhesion molecule-1
  • Nuclear factor-κB
  • Reactive oxygen species
  • Substance P
  • Thoracic vagus nerve

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

Thoracic vagal efferent nerve stimulation evokes substance P-induced early airway bronchonstriction and late proinflammatory and oxidative injury in the rat respiratory tract. / Li, Ping Chia; Li, Sheng Chung; Lin, Yuan Ju; Liang, Jin Tung; Chien, Chiang-Ting; Shaw, Chen Fu.

In: Journal of Biomedical Science, Vol. 12, No. 4, 01.07.2005, p. 671-681.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Electrical stimulation of efferent thoracic vagus nerve (TVN) evoked neurogenic inflammation in respiratory tract of atropine-treated rats by an undefined mechanism. We explored whether efferent TVN stimulation via substance P facilitates neurogenic inflammation via action of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Our results showed that increased frequency of TVN stimulation concomitantly increased substance P-enhanced hypotension, and bronchoconstriction (increases in smooth muscle electromyographic activity and total pulmonary resistance). The enhanced SP release evoked the appearance of endothelial gap in silver-stained leaky venules, India-ink labeled extravasation, and accumulations of inflammatory cells in the respiratory tract, contributing to trachea plasma extravasation as well as increases in blood O 2- and H2O2 ROS amount. L-732138 (NK1 receptor antagonist), SR-48968 (NK2 receptor antagonist), dimethylthiourea (H2O2 scavenger) or catechins (O 2- and H2O2 scavenger) pretreatment reduced efferent TVN stimulation-enhanced hypotension, bronchoconstriction, and plasma extravasation. Increased frequency of TVN stimulation significantly upregulated the expression of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) in nuclear protein and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in total protein of the lower respiratory tract tissue. The upregulation of NF-κB and ICAM-1 was attenuated by NK receptor antagonist and antioxidants. In conclusion, TVN efferent stimulation increases substance P release to trigger NF-κB mediated ICAM-1 expression and O 2- and H2O2 ROS production in the respiratory tract.",
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N2 - Electrical stimulation of efferent thoracic vagus nerve (TVN) evoked neurogenic inflammation in respiratory tract of atropine-treated rats by an undefined mechanism. We explored whether efferent TVN stimulation via substance P facilitates neurogenic inflammation via action of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Our results showed that increased frequency of TVN stimulation concomitantly increased substance P-enhanced hypotension, and bronchoconstriction (increases in smooth muscle electromyographic activity and total pulmonary resistance). The enhanced SP release evoked the appearance of endothelial gap in silver-stained leaky venules, India-ink labeled extravasation, and accumulations of inflammatory cells in the respiratory tract, contributing to trachea plasma extravasation as well as increases in blood O 2- and H2O2 ROS amount. L-732138 (NK1 receptor antagonist), SR-48968 (NK2 receptor antagonist), dimethylthiourea (H2O2 scavenger) or catechins (O 2- and H2O2 scavenger) pretreatment reduced efferent TVN stimulation-enhanced hypotension, bronchoconstriction, and plasma extravasation. Increased frequency of TVN stimulation significantly upregulated the expression of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) in nuclear protein and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in total protein of the lower respiratory tract tissue. The upregulation of NF-κB and ICAM-1 was attenuated by NK receptor antagonist and antioxidants. In conclusion, TVN efferent stimulation increases substance P release to trigger NF-κB mediated ICAM-1 expression and O 2- and H2O2 ROS production in the respiratory tract.

AB - Electrical stimulation of efferent thoracic vagus nerve (TVN) evoked neurogenic inflammation in respiratory tract of atropine-treated rats by an undefined mechanism. We explored whether efferent TVN stimulation via substance P facilitates neurogenic inflammation via action of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Our results showed that increased frequency of TVN stimulation concomitantly increased substance P-enhanced hypotension, and bronchoconstriction (increases in smooth muscle electromyographic activity and total pulmonary resistance). The enhanced SP release evoked the appearance of endothelial gap in silver-stained leaky venules, India-ink labeled extravasation, and accumulations of inflammatory cells in the respiratory tract, contributing to trachea plasma extravasation as well as increases in blood O 2- and H2O2 ROS amount. L-732138 (NK1 receptor antagonist), SR-48968 (NK2 receptor antagonist), dimethylthiourea (H2O2 scavenger) or catechins (O 2- and H2O2 scavenger) pretreatment reduced efferent TVN stimulation-enhanced hypotension, bronchoconstriction, and plasma extravasation. Increased frequency of TVN stimulation significantly upregulated the expression of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) in nuclear protein and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in total protein of the lower respiratory tract tissue. The upregulation of NF-κB and ICAM-1 was attenuated by NK receptor antagonist and antioxidants. In conclusion, TVN efferent stimulation increases substance P release to trigger NF-κB mediated ICAM-1 expression and O 2- and H2O2 ROS production in the respiratory tract.

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