We numerically simulate an oscillating Bose-Einstein condensate in a disordered trap [Phys. Rev. A 82, 033603 (2010)PLRAAN1050-294710.1103/PhysRevA.82.033603] and the results are in good agreement with the experiment. It shows that the disorder acts as a medium, which results in a relaxation from nonequilibrium to equilibrium, i.e., thermalization. An algebraic localization is realized when the system approaches the equilibrium, and if the system falls into the regime when the healing length of the condensate exceeds the correlation length of the disorder, exponential Anderson localization is to be observed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics