Thermal stability study of Si cap/ultrathin Ge/Si and strained Si/Si 1-xGex/Si nMOSFETs with HfO2 gate dielectric

C. C. Yeo, B. J. Cho, Min-Hung Lee, C. W. Liu, K. J. Choi, T. W. Lee

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    1 Citation (Scopus)


    The thermal stabilities of MOSFETs with high-K gate dielectric on both Si/ultrathin Ge/Si (SGS) and strained Si on relaxed Si1- xGex (SS) substrates are studied. Though an initial drivability enhancement of 29% is shown for the SGS nMOSFET, annealing at 750 °C has resulted in drastic degradation in its drivability, lowering its Id beyond that of the Si nMOSFETs by 52%. Despite lowering in the junction leakage current, Ge diffusion to the near surface region, indicated by Vth and surface roughness change, degrades the SGS device performance significantly. For the SS nMOSFET, drivability varies with Ge content, whereby a maximum of 86% improvement over that of the Si nMOSFET is observed for 30% Ge. In contrast to the SGS nMOSFET, the SS nMOSFET is able to retain its I d improvement, even after annealing at 950 °C, as the in-plane tensile strain is preserved. Ge diffusion to the surface does not affect the device significantly, as the strained Si thickness is about 10 nm compared to a Si cap thickness of only 1.5 nm for the SGS substrate.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)665-669
    Number of pages5
    JournalSemiconductor Science and Technology
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - 2006 May 1

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
    • Materials Chemistry


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