Theory of modulated phases in lipid bilayers and liquid crystal films

C. M. Chen, F. C. MacKintosh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


We present a general theory for equilibrium-modulated phases of chiral and achiral bilayer membranes and liquid crystal films. Both bulk smectics as well as freely suspended films are considered. For flexoelectric systems, continuous structural phase transitions are predicted among square-lattice, hexagonal, and distorted two-dimensional modulated phases as a function of the applied electric field. It is also shown that only uniform flat phases are predicted for thin films. One-dimensional ripple phases and two-dimensional square-lattice phases can occur with increasing film thickness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4933-4943
Number of pages11
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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