The types, frequency and quality of elementary pupils' questions in an online environment

Hsin Wen Hu*, Guey Fa Chiou

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


This study explored the types, frequencies and quality of student questioning based on three kinds of questionstems (detailed-stem, simple-stem, and no-stem). A questioning-supported thinking and learning system (QSTLS) was developed to scaffold stem-based student questioning. One hundred fifth-grade students participated in this study. Students were assigned to three groups: a detailed-stem group, simple-stem group, and no-stem group. Results show that the detailed-stem groups used more types (11) of questions, asked a greater number of questions (472) and asked questions of higher quality than both the simple-stem group and the nostem group. The conclusion of the study is that online questioning is a useful learning strategy, and more specifically that detailed question-stems in particular help students to develop their questioning skills. This study also shows that with the assistance of question-stems, the QSTLS system can provide a student-centered and active learning environment for elementary pupils.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-335
Number of pages11
JournalTurkish Online Journal of Educational Technology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • Online questioning
  • Question frequency
  • Question quality
  • Question stem
  • Question type

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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