THE SYNTAX AND SEMANTICS OF CHINESE IMPERSONAL V-QILAI CONSTRUCTION

王 乾安(Chyan-an Arthur Wang), 吳 曉虹(Hsiao-hung Iris Wu)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper investigates the Chinese impersonal V-qilai construction. Drawing on the results of a number of syntactic tests and semantic conditions, we propose an analysis in which the post-V-qilai modification element is the main predicate and the V-qilai complex constitutes a frame-setting clausal modifier. This view is supported by arguments regarding obligatory modification, the distributional facts of preverbal markers, and the behavior of frequency adverbs. Moreover, we suggest that, within the clausal adjunct, qilai selects and incorporates with verbs in their stative version, which gives rise to the absence of agentivity and to the verbal restrictions noted in the impersonal V-qilai sentences.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-34
Number of pages34
JournalTaiwan Journal of Linguistics
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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syntax
semantics
Impersonals
Syntax
Agentivity
Adverb
Modifier
Stative
Adjunct
Verbs

Keywords

  • V-qilai construction
  • impersonal
  • frame-setting modifiers
  • Chinese
  • 非人稱結構
  • 「V-起來」
  • 框架設定修飾語
  • 漢語

Cite this

THE SYNTAX AND SEMANTICS OF CHINESE IMPERSONAL V-QILAI CONSTRUCTION. / 王乾安(Chyan-an Arthur Wang); 吳曉虹(Hsiao-hung Iris Wu).

In: Taiwan Journal of Linguistics, Vol. 16, No. 1, 2018, p. 1-34.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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