The subject-dependent, cumulative, and recency association of aerobic fitness with academic performance in Taiwanese junior high school students 13 Education 1303 Specialist Studies in Education 13 Education 1302 Curriculum and Pedagogy

Shu Shih Hsieh, Jia Ren Tsai, Shao Hsi Chang, Jen Yu Ho, Jui Fu Chen, Po Hsi Chen, Yao-Ting Sung, Tsung Min Hung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The objective of the current study was to examine whether the relation between aerobic fitness and academic achievement during adolescence is subject-dependent, and to investigate cumulative and recency effects. Methods: This study made use of two nationwide datasets. The first was the aerobic fitness profile of junior high school students collected by the Ministry of Education in Taiwan. The second contained the scores on the Basic Competence Test for Junior High School Students (BCTJH). The sample consisted of 382,259 students who completed the BCTJH in the 5 years between 2009 and 2013. Data on each student's aerobic fitness during their three years of junior high school were matched with their exam results at the end of this period. Results: The results revealed that students classified as highly-fit during at least one of the three years had higher BCTJH scores than those who never achieved this level, with the size of effect increasing with the length of time that fitness was maintained. Additionally, aerobic fitness in the final year was more closely linked to BCTJH scores than that in the earlier two years. Fitness was also more strongly associated with exam performance in math, science and social science, relative to language-related subjects. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that while aerobic fitness is positively related to academic achievement in Taiwanese junior high school students, the relationship depends on academic subject, as well as the length and time of being aerobically fit.

Original languageEnglish
Article number25
JournalBMC Pediatrics
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 17

Fingerprint

Curriculum
Teaching
Students
Education
Mental Competency
Social Sciences
Taiwan
Language

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Fitness
  • Language
  • Math
  • Science
  • Social science

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

The subject-dependent, cumulative, and recency association of aerobic fitness with academic performance in Taiwanese junior high school students 13 Education 1303 Specialist Studies in Education 13 Education 1302 Curriculum and Pedagogy. / Hsieh, Shu Shih; Tsai, Jia Ren; Chang, Shao Hsi; Ho, Jen Yu; Chen, Jui Fu; Chen, Po Hsi; Sung, Yao-Ting; Hung, Tsung Min.

In: BMC Pediatrics, Vol. 19, No. 1, 25, 17.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{39f6128c119e46d9af46a2dfa8ffdc8d,
title = "The subject-dependent, cumulative, and recency association of aerobic fitness with academic performance in Taiwanese junior high school students 13 Education 1303 Specialist Studies in Education 13 Education 1302 Curriculum and Pedagogy",
abstract = "Background: The objective of the current study was to examine whether the relation between aerobic fitness and academic achievement during adolescence is subject-dependent, and to investigate cumulative and recency effects. Methods: This study made use of two nationwide datasets. The first was the aerobic fitness profile of junior high school students collected by the Ministry of Education in Taiwan. The second contained the scores on the Basic Competence Test for Junior High School Students (BCTJH). The sample consisted of 382,259 students who completed the BCTJH in the 5 years between 2009 and 2013. Data on each student's aerobic fitness during their three years of junior high school were matched with their exam results at the end of this period. Results: The results revealed that students classified as highly-fit during at least one of the three years had higher BCTJH scores than those who never achieved this level, with the size of effect increasing with the length of time that fitness was maintained. Additionally, aerobic fitness in the final year was more closely linked to BCTJH scores than that in the earlier two years. Fitness was also more strongly associated with exam performance in math, science and social science, relative to language-related subjects. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that while aerobic fitness is positively related to academic achievement in Taiwanese junior high school students, the relationship depends on academic subject, as well as the length and time of being aerobically fit.",
keywords = "Adolescence, Fitness, Language, Math, Science, Social science",
author = "Hsieh, {Shu Shih} and Tsai, {Jia Ren} and Chang, {Shao Hsi} and Ho, {Jen Yu} and Chen, {Jui Fu} and Chen, {Po Hsi} and Yao-Ting Sung and Hung, {Tsung Min}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "17",
doi = "10.1186/s12887-018-1384-4",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
journal = "BMC Pediatrics",
issn = "1471-2431",
publisher = "BioMed Central",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The subject-dependent, cumulative, and recency association of aerobic fitness with academic performance in Taiwanese junior high school students 13 Education 1303 Specialist Studies in Education 13 Education 1302 Curriculum and Pedagogy

AU - Hsieh, Shu Shih

AU - Tsai, Jia Ren

AU - Chang, Shao Hsi

AU - Ho, Jen Yu

AU - Chen, Jui Fu

AU - Chen, Po Hsi

AU - Sung, Yao-Ting

AU - Hung, Tsung Min

PY - 2019/1/17

Y1 - 2019/1/17

N2 - Background: The objective of the current study was to examine whether the relation between aerobic fitness and academic achievement during adolescence is subject-dependent, and to investigate cumulative and recency effects. Methods: This study made use of two nationwide datasets. The first was the aerobic fitness profile of junior high school students collected by the Ministry of Education in Taiwan. The second contained the scores on the Basic Competence Test for Junior High School Students (BCTJH). The sample consisted of 382,259 students who completed the BCTJH in the 5 years between 2009 and 2013. Data on each student's aerobic fitness during their three years of junior high school were matched with their exam results at the end of this period. Results: The results revealed that students classified as highly-fit during at least one of the three years had higher BCTJH scores than those who never achieved this level, with the size of effect increasing with the length of time that fitness was maintained. Additionally, aerobic fitness in the final year was more closely linked to BCTJH scores than that in the earlier two years. Fitness was also more strongly associated with exam performance in math, science and social science, relative to language-related subjects. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that while aerobic fitness is positively related to academic achievement in Taiwanese junior high school students, the relationship depends on academic subject, as well as the length and time of being aerobically fit.

AB - Background: The objective of the current study was to examine whether the relation between aerobic fitness and academic achievement during adolescence is subject-dependent, and to investigate cumulative and recency effects. Methods: This study made use of two nationwide datasets. The first was the aerobic fitness profile of junior high school students collected by the Ministry of Education in Taiwan. The second contained the scores on the Basic Competence Test for Junior High School Students (BCTJH). The sample consisted of 382,259 students who completed the BCTJH in the 5 years between 2009 and 2013. Data on each student's aerobic fitness during their three years of junior high school were matched with their exam results at the end of this period. Results: The results revealed that students classified as highly-fit during at least one of the three years had higher BCTJH scores than those who never achieved this level, with the size of effect increasing with the length of time that fitness was maintained. Additionally, aerobic fitness in the final year was more closely linked to BCTJH scores than that in the earlier two years. Fitness was also more strongly associated with exam performance in math, science and social science, relative to language-related subjects. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that while aerobic fitness is positively related to academic achievement in Taiwanese junior high school students, the relationship depends on academic subject, as well as the length and time of being aerobically fit.

KW - Adolescence

KW - Fitness

KW - Language

KW - Math

KW - Science

KW - Social science

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85060150652&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85060150652&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1186/s12887-018-1384-4

DO - 10.1186/s12887-018-1384-4

M3 - Article

VL - 19

JO - BMC Pediatrics

JF - BMC Pediatrics

SN - 1471-2431

IS - 1

M1 - 25

ER -