The South Carolina school incentive reward program: A policy analysis

Craig E. Richards*, Tian Ming Sheu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


South Carolina has been experimenting with a school incentive system since 1984. This article analyses trends in student achievement and student and teacher attendance - outcomes rewarded by the program. It also compares performance and gain score outcomes, evaluates the banding system and examines the distributional consequences of alternative incentive designs. The authors find modest improvements in student achievement and no significant improvements in attendance patterns for students or teachers. Grouping schools into SES bands to compete for incentive awards has important distributional and policy implications. Most importantly, using school gain scores and SES bands together effectively eliminates the impact of SES on the distribution of incentive rewards.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-86
Number of pages16
JournalEconomics of Education Review
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1992 Mar
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Economics and Econometrics


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