The role of ICT infrastructure in its application to classrooms: A large scale survey for middle and primary schools in China

Chun Lu, Chin Chung Tsai, Di Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

With the ever-deepening economic reform and international trend of ICT application in education, the Chinese government is strengthening its basic education curriculum reform and actively facilitating the application of ICT in education. Given the achievement gap of ICT infrastructure and its application in middle and primary schools between urban and rural areas, a divide exists between the needs of constructing ICT infrastructure and the patterns of promoting ICT application in education. This paper reports a survey conducted on the infrastructure and application of ICT in middle and primary schools in urban areas (city and county) and rural areas in China based on their demands for promoting ICT in education. The survey focused on 2,168 middle and primary schools, including 717 schools in cities (33.1%), 487 schools in counties (22.5%) and 964 schools located in rural areas (44.5%). Based on stepwise regression analysis, it was revealed that ICT infrastructure had different influences on its application for schools in urban and rural areas. Schools' proportion of ICT aided courses in counties, and utilization of multi-media classrooms in rural areas may be more associated with the infrastructure. These conclusions would be particularly useful for policy-makers in Asia. Moreover, the analysis model could highlight some areas where improvement plans could be implemented to reduce the digital divide. However, ICT infrastructure was found to play an insignificant role in "utilization of multi-media classrooms" or "proportion of ICT aided courses" in city schools, and thus its role in city schools should be reinterpreted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-261
Number of pages13
JournalEducational Technology and Society
Volume18
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

primary school
infrastructure
Education
classroom
China
rural area
school
urban area
multimedia
education
utilization
basic education
Regression analysis
digital divide
education curriculum
model analysis
Curricula
economic reform
regression analysis
Economics

Keywords

  • Factor analysis
  • ICT application in education
  • ICT infrastructure
  • Large scale survey
  • Middle and primary schools
  • Stepwise regression analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

@article{47fb181972d3476cb6bed8aeff977486,
title = "The role of ICT infrastructure in its application to classrooms: A large scale survey for middle and primary schools in China",
abstract = "With the ever-deepening economic reform and international trend of ICT application in education, the Chinese government is strengthening its basic education curriculum reform and actively facilitating the application of ICT in education. Given the achievement gap of ICT infrastructure and its application in middle and primary schools between urban and rural areas, a divide exists between the needs of constructing ICT infrastructure and the patterns of promoting ICT application in education. This paper reports a survey conducted on the infrastructure and application of ICT in middle and primary schools in urban areas (city and county) and rural areas in China based on their demands for promoting ICT in education. The survey focused on 2,168 middle and primary schools, including 717 schools in cities (33.1{\%}), 487 schools in counties (22.5{\%}) and 964 schools located in rural areas (44.5{\%}). Based on stepwise regression analysis, it was revealed that ICT infrastructure had different influences on its application for schools in urban and rural areas. Schools' proportion of ICT aided courses in counties, and utilization of multi-media classrooms in rural areas may be more associated with the infrastructure. These conclusions would be particularly useful for policy-makers in Asia. Moreover, the analysis model could highlight some areas where improvement plans could be implemented to reduce the digital divide. However, ICT infrastructure was found to play an insignificant role in {"}utilization of multi-media classrooms{"} or {"}proportion of ICT aided courses{"} in city schools, and thus its role in city schools should be reinterpreted.",
keywords = "Factor analysis, ICT application in education, ICT infrastructure, Large scale survey, Middle and primary schools, Stepwise regression analysis",
author = "Chun Lu and Tsai, {Chin Chung} and Di Wu",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "249--261",
journal = "Educational Technology and Society",
issn = "1436-4522",
publisher = "IEEE Computer Society",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The role of ICT infrastructure in its application to classrooms

T2 - A large scale survey for middle and primary schools in China

AU - Lu, Chun

AU - Tsai, Chin Chung

AU - Wu, Di

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - With the ever-deepening economic reform and international trend of ICT application in education, the Chinese government is strengthening its basic education curriculum reform and actively facilitating the application of ICT in education. Given the achievement gap of ICT infrastructure and its application in middle and primary schools between urban and rural areas, a divide exists between the needs of constructing ICT infrastructure and the patterns of promoting ICT application in education. This paper reports a survey conducted on the infrastructure and application of ICT in middle and primary schools in urban areas (city and county) and rural areas in China based on their demands for promoting ICT in education. The survey focused on 2,168 middle and primary schools, including 717 schools in cities (33.1%), 487 schools in counties (22.5%) and 964 schools located in rural areas (44.5%). Based on stepwise regression analysis, it was revealed that ICT infrastructure had different influences on its application for schools in urban and rural areas. Schools' proportion of ICT aided courses in counties, and utilization of multi-media classrooms in rural areas may be more associated with the infrastructure. These conclusions would be particularly useful for policy-makers in Asia. Moreover, the analysis model could highlight some areas where improvement plans could be implemented to reduce the digital divide. However, ICT infrastructure was found to play an insignificant role in "utilization of multi-media classrooms" or "proportion of ICT aided courses" in city schools, and thus its role in city schools should be reinterpreted.

AB - With the ever-deepening economic reform and international trend of ICT application in education, the Chinese government is strengthening its basic education curriculum reform and actively facilitating the application of ICT in education. Given the achievement gap of ICT infrastructure and its application in middle and primary schools between urban and rural areas, a divide exists between the needs of constructing ICT infrastructure and the patterns of promoting ICT application in education. This paper reports a survey conducted on the infrastructure and application of ICT in middle and primary schools in urban areas (city and county) and rural areas in China based on their demands for promoting ICT in education. The survey focused on 2,168 middle and primary schools, including 717 schools in cities (33.1%), 487 schools in counties (22.5%) and 964 schools located in rural areas (44.5%). Based on stepwise regression analysis, it was revealed that ICT infrastructure had different influences on its application for schools in urban and rural areas. Schools' proportion of ICT aided courses in counties, and utilization of multi-media classrooms in rural areas may be more associated with the infrastructure. These conclusions would be particularly useful for policy-makers in Asia. Moreover, the analysis model could highlight some areas where improvement plans could be implemented to reduce the digital divide. However, ICT infrastructure was found to play an insignificant role in "utilization of multi-media classrooms" or "proportion of ICT aided courses" in city schools, and thus its role in city schools should be reinterpreted.

KW - Factor analysis

KW - ICT application in education

KW - ICT infrastructure

KW - Large scale survey

KW - Middle and primary schools

KW - Stepwise regression analysis

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84930336210&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84930336210&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84930336210

VL - 18

SP - 249

EP - 261

JO - Educational Technology and Society

JF - Educational Technology and Society

SN - 1436-4522

IS - 2

ER -