The Relationship Between Coronavirus-Related Anxiety on Physical Frailty, Psychological Frailty, and Social Frailty in Older Community-Dwellers in Taiwan During the COVID-19 Pandemic

I. Chun Chen, Shao Hsi Chang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Most activities in community centers have declined as a countermeasure against the COVID-19 pandemic. Consequently, multidimensional frailty rates gradually worsened. This research aimed to explore coronavirus-related anxiety and others factors that influence physical, psychological, and social frailty in older community-dwellers in Taiwan during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: Two hundred and eight (208) elderlies over 65 years of age who lived in 12 administrative districts of Taipei City during the COVID-19 pandemic completed online questionnaires. The questionnaire asked for basic information, and included the coronavirus Pandemic Anxiety Scale, SARC-CalF of physical frailty, the Tilburg Frailty Indicator of psychological frailty, and the Questionnaire to define Social Frailty Status. Data were collected from 21 Ma y to 4 June 2022. They were analyzed using descriptive statistics, correlation coefficients, and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results: The average scores for coronavirus anxiety was 2.61, physical frailty was 1.28, psychological frailty was 1.67, and social frailty was 2.25. Regression analysis indicated that the degree of anxiety-related symptoms was associated with physical and psychological frailty in older community-dwellers (p < 0.01, p ¼ 0.002). Conclusions: The anxiety related to coronaviruses in older community-dwellers affected their physical, psychological, and social frailty in Taiwan. We considered anxiety-related symptoms when assessing the frailty status of elderly to better understand their physical and mental health. Thus, these data support policy recommendations to reduce the effects of the elderly's anxiety-related symptoms on their frailty in future pandemics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-260
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Health Research
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • COVID-19 pandemic
  • Coronavirus anxiety
  • Physical frailty
  • Psychological frailty
  • Social frailty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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