The processing of mispredicted and unpredicted sensory inputs interact differently with attention

Yi Fang Hsu*, Jarmo A. Hämäläinen, Florian Waszak

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Prediction and attention are fundamental brain functions in the service of perception. Interestingly, previous investigations found prediction effects independent of attention in some cases but attention-dependent in other cases. The discrepancy might be related to whether the prediction effect was revealed by comparing mispredicted event (where there is incorrect prediction) or unpredicted event (where there is no precise prediction) against predicted event, which are associated with different precision-weighted prediction error. Here we conducted a joint analysis on four published electroencephalography (EEG) datasets which allow for proper dissociation of mispredicted and unpredicted conditions when there was orthogonal manipulation of prediction and attention. We found that the mispredicted-versus-predicted contrast revealed an attention-independent effect of prediction suppression, whereas the unpredicted-versus-predicted contrast revealed a prediction effect that was reversed by attention on auditory N1. The results suggest that mispredicted and unpredicted processing interact with attention in distinct manners.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-91
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Mar


  • Attention
  • Auditory N1
  • Electroencephalography (EEG)
  • Prediction error

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


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