The merits of a sentiment analysis of antecedent comments for the prediction of online fundraising outcomes

Wei Wang, Lihuan Guo, Yenchun Jim Wu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study focuses on the predictive power of online reviews on fundraising outcomes. Based on when the review is posted, we divide these online reviews into antecedent comments, made at the prelaunch and financing stages, and posterior comments, after the fundraising stage. Then, we conduct a sentiment analysis of these online reviews with a variety of algorithms to determine which one is best at sentiment extraction, finding that the deep learning algorithm is more effective than the shallow learning algorithms. Using fastText, we find that, as financing progresses, sentiment in the comments gradually turns negative, and sentiment strength is lower for successfully funded projects than for failed projects. The reason for this pessimistic turn is the topic discussed at various stages. FNN performs better than other approaches in the prediction of successful fundraising outcomes, with the addition of the antecedent online comments’ sentiment factor. Other prediction algorithms also show some degree of improvement with the addition of sentiment extracted from antecedent online reviews, which confirms the predictive power of antecedent comments. This study enhances the identification of the economic value of antecedent online reviews with the addition of sentiment analysis and shows a path for further developing internet finance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number121070
JournalTechnological Forecasting and Social Change
Volume174
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jan

Keywords

  • Crowdfunding
  • Kickstarter
  • Online financing
  • Prediction
  • Sentiment analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Applied Psychology
  • Management of Technology and Innovation

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