The Mediating Effect of ICT Usage on the Relationship Between Students’ Socioeconomic Status and Achievement

Chi Chiao, Chiung Hui Chiu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)


To find out if information and communication technology (ICT) could narrow the achievement gaps among students caused by variations in their socioeconomic status, this study examines the mediating mechanism of ICT use between students’ socioeconomic status (SES) and achievement. Data from the 2012 East Asia Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) were used for the structural equation modeling estimations, drawing on the work of 31,161 students. The results showed that using ICT for information retrieval and social interaction could widen the achievement gaps caused by variations in SES. This study also found that gender could significantly moderate the positive relationship between students’ SES and ICT usage for learning, as well as for social interaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-121
Number of pages13
JournalAsia-Pacific Education Researcher
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Apr 1



  • Digital divide
  • Gender difference
  • ICT in education
  • PISA
  • SEM
  • Socioeconomic difference

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

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