The impact of Google Assistant on adolescent EFL learners’ willingness to communicate

Tzu Yu Tai, Howard Hao Jan Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Citations (Scopus)


Willingness to communicate (WTC) is considered to be an important factor contributing to successful foreign language learning. Many studies aim at finding effective tools for enhancing WTC. With the support of AI and Automatic Speech Recognition technology, intelligent personal assistants (IPAs) seem to have potentials in improving foreign language learners’ WTC. However, few empirical studies focus on the possible impact of IPAs on learners’ WTC. This study was conducted to investigate the potentials of an IPA, Google Assistant, for developing adolescent EFL learners’ WTC and their perceptions of IPAs for EFL learning. This study recruited 112 eighth-grade EFL learners who engaged in Google-Assistant-language-learning activities for two weeks. Two WTC questionnaires were administered at the beginning and end of the intervention. The results demonstrated that Google Assistant significantly promoted EFL learners’ WTC, enhanced communicative confidence, and reduced speaking anxiety. Analyses of interviews revealed that participants enjoyed playing games with Google Assistant and talking to chatbots, which helped them feel less anxious and motivated to use English for real and meaningful communication. The findings indicated that IPA-based interaction provided a less threatening environment, in which learners displayed higher levels of engagement, motivation, confidence, and, in turn, their WTC in the target language.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInteractive Learning Environments
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020


  • EFL learning
  • Google Assistant
  • Intelligent personal assistant (IPA)
  • automatic speech recognition (ASR)
  • willingness to communicate (WTC)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Computer Science Applications


Dive into the research topics of 'The impact of Google Assistant on adolescent EFL learners’ willingness to communicate'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this