The evaluation of pilot’s situational awareness during mode changes on flight mode annunciators

Wen Chin Li*, James White, Graham Braithwaite, Matt Greaves, Jr Hung Lin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Current research investigates automation feedback design compared with a potential design solution that may increase pilot’s situation awareness of the Flight Mode Annunciators (FMAs) to reduce pilot workload and improve human-automation coordination. The research tools include an Eye Tracker and B747 flight simulator. This research evaluated two types of FMAs; a proposed glareshield mounted FMAs against the baseline FMA design mounted on the Primary Flight Display using an objective eye tracker. There are 19 participants including professional and private pilots and aerospace engineers. The results suggest that proposed glareshield design is the better design compared with the baseline design which demonstrated larger mean pupil sizes related to the higher workload. A design solution was proposed that moved the FMAs to a MCP position, taking into account EASA and FAA design guidance, as well as several design principles including positioning to increase salience and the proximity compatibility principle. The results of the experiment found that FMAs on the MCP could increase pilot SA and reduced the mean fixation duration compared to the PFD position. Although the study used a small sample size, it demonstrates the value of further research to evaluate the proposed design.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEngineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics - 13th International Conference, EPCE 2016 and Held as Part of HCI International 2016, Proceedings
EditorsDon Harris
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Pages409-418
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9783319400297
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes
Event13th International Conference on Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics, EPCE 2016 and Held as Part of 18th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCI International 2016 - Toronto, Canada
Duration: 2016 Jul 172016 Jul 22

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume9736
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Other

Other13th International Conference on Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics, EPCE 2016 and Held as Part of 18th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCI International 2016
Country/TerritoryCanada
CityToronto
Period2016/07/172016/07/22

Keywords

  • Attention distribution
  • Eye movement
  • Flight deck design
  • Mode confusion
  • Proximity compatibility principle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

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