The emission characteristics of a small D.I. diesel engine using biodiesel blended fuels

Yeou Feng Lue, Yi Yen Yeh, Chung Hsing Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biodiesel and biodiesel blends provide low emissions without modification on the fuel system of conventional diesel engines. This study aims to develop a new domestic biodiesel production procedure which makes use of waste fryer vegetable oil by transesterification method, and further investigates the emission characteristics of a small D.I. diesel engine using biodiesel blends and diesel fuels, respectively. The 20/80 and 30/70 blends of biodiesel to diesel fuel are used in this study. The emission characteristics include smoke emissions, gaseous emissions (CO, HC, NOx and SO2), particle size distributions and number concentrations at a variety of steady state engine speed points. We have found that diesel engine fueled with biodiesel blends emits more PM2 particle number concentrations than those with diesel fuel, and PM2 number concentration increases as biodiesel concentration increases. As for the smoke and gaseous emissions, such as CO, HC, NOx and SO2, the results favored biodiesel blends.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)845-859
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Environmental Science and Health - Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering
Volume36
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Jul 24

Fingerprint

Biodiesel
Diesel engines
Diesel fuels
Gas emissions
Smoke
Fuel systems
Vegetable oils
Transesterification
Particle size analysis
Engines

Keywords

  • Alternative fuel
  • Biodiesel blends
  • Diesel engine
  • PM
  • Particulate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering

Cite this

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title = "The emission characteristics of a small D.I. diesel engine using biodiesel blended fuels",
abstract = "Biodiesel and biodiesel blends provide low emissions without modification on the fuel system of conventional diesel engines. This study aims to develop a new domestic biodiesel production procedure which makes use of waste fryer vegetable oil by transesterification method, and further investigates the emission characteristics of a small D.I. diesel engine using biodiesel blends and diesel fuels, respectively. The 20/80 and 30/70 blends of biodiesel to diesel fuel are used in this study. The emission characteristics include smoke emissions, gaseous emissions (CO, HC, NOx and SO2), particle size distributions and number concentrations at a variety of steady state engine speed points. We have found that diesel engine fueled with biodiesel blends emits more PM2 particle number concentrations than those with diesel fuel, and PM2 number concentration increases as biodiesel concentration increases. As for the smoke and gaseous emissions, such as CO, HC, NOx and SO2, the results favored biodiesel blends.",
keywords = "Alternative fuel, Biodiesel blends, Diesel engine, PM, Particulate",
author = "Lue, {Yeou Feng} and Yeh, {Yi Yen} and Wu, {Chung Hsing}",
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T1 - The emission characteristics of a small D.I. diesel engine using biodiesel blended fuels

AU - Lue, Yeou Feng

AU - Yeh, Yi Yen

AU - Wu, Chung Hsing

PY - 2001/7/24

Y1 - 2001/7/24

N2 - Biodiesel and biodiesel blends provide low emissions without modification on the fuel system of conventional diesel engines. This study aims to develop a new domestic biodiesel production procedure which makes use of waste fryer vegetable oil by transesterification method, and further investigates the emission characteristics of a small D.I. diesel engine using biodiesel blends and diesel fuels, respectively. The 20/80 and 30/70 blends of biodiesel to diesel fuel are used in this study. The emission characteristics include smoke emissions, gaseous emissions (CO, HC, NOx and SO2), particle size distributions and number concentrations at a variety of steady state engine speed points. We have found that diesel engine fueled with biodiesel blends emits more PM2 particle number concentrations than those with diesel fuel, and PM2 number concentration increases as biodiesel concentration increases. As for the smoke and gaseous emissions, such as CO, HC, NOx and SO2, the results favored biodiesel blends.

AB - Biodiesel and biodiesel blends provide low emissions without modification on the fuel system of conventional diesel engines. This study aims to develop a new domestic biodiesel production procedure which makes use of waste fryer vegetable oil by transesterification method, and further investigates the emission characteristics of a small D.I. diesel engine using biodiesel blends and diesel fuels, respectively. The 20/80 and 30/70 blends of biodiesel to diesel fuel are used in this study. The emission characteristics include smoke emissions, gaseous emissions (CO, HC, NOx and SO2), particle size distributions and number concentrations at a variety of steady state engine speed points. We have found that diesel engine fueled with biodiesel blends emits more PM2 particle number concentrations than those with diesel fuel, and PM2 number concentration increases as biodiesel concentration increases. As for the smoke and gaseous emissions, such as CO, HC, NOx and SO2, the results favored biodiesel blends.

KW - Alternative fuel

KW - Biodiesel blends

KW - Diesel engine

KW - PM

KW - Particulate

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