The effects of Tai Chi Chuan combined with vibration training on balance control and lower extremity muscle power

Pao Hung Chung, Guan Lun Lin, Chiang Liu, Long Ren Chuang, Tzyy-Yuang Shiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine whether performing Tai Chi Chuan on a customized vibration platform could enhance balance control and lower extremity muscle power more efficiently than Tai Chi Chuan alone in an untrained young population. Forty-eight healthy young adults were randomly assigned to the following three groups: a Tai Chi Chuan combined with vibration training group (TCV), a Tai Chi Chuan group (TCC) or a control group. The TCV group underwent 30 minutes of a reformed Tai Chi Chuan program on a customized vibration platform (32 Hz, 1 mm) three times a week for eight weeks, whereas the TCC group was trained without vibration stimuli. A force platform was used to measure the moving area of a static single leg stance and the heights of two consecutive countermovement jumps. The activation of the knee extensor and flexor was also measured synchronously by surface electromyography in all tests. The results showed that the moving area in the TCV group was significantly decreased by 15.3%. The second jump height in the TCV group was significantly increased by 8.14%, and the activation of the knee extensor/flexor was significantly decreased in the first jump. In conclusion, Tai Chi Chuan combined with vibration training can more efficiently improve balance control, and the positive training effect on the lower extremity muscle power induced by vibration stimuli still remains significant because there is no cross-interaction between the two different types of training methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-26
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Sports Science and Medicine
Volume12
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Mar 1

Keywords

  • Center of pressure
  • Composite vibration training
  • Countermovement jump
  • Postural control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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