The Effects of Mobile-Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning: Meta-Analysis and Critical Synthesis

Yao Ting Sung, Je Ming Yang, Han Yueh Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

111 Citations (Scopus)


One of the trends in collaborative learning is using mobile devices for supporting the process and products of collaboration, which has been forming the field of mobile-computer-supported collaborative learning (mCSCL). Although mobile devices have become valuable collaborative learning tools, evaluative evidence for their substantial contributions to collaborative learning is still scarce. The present meta-analysis, which included 48 peer-reviewed journal articles and doctoral dissertations written over a 16-year period (2000–2015) involving 5,294 participants, revealed that mCSCL has produced meaningful improvements for collaborative learning, with an overall mean effect size of 0.516. Moderator variables, such as domain subject, group size, teaching method, intervention duration, and reward method were related to different effect sizes. The results provided implications for future research and practice, such as suggestions on how to appropriately use the functionalities of mobile devices, how to best leverage mCSCL through effective group learning mechanisms, and what outcome variables should be included in future studies to fully elucidate the process and products of mCSCL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)768-805
Number of pages38
JournalReview of Educational Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Aug 1


  • collaborative learning
  • critical synthesis
  • mCSCL
  • meta-analysis
  • mobile device

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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