The effects of 3D immersion on CSL students’ listening comprehension

Yu Ju Lan*, Chia Ying Liao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


The study aimed at enhancing Chinese as a second language (CSL) students’ listening comprehension by using authentic contexts in Second Life (SL). Twenty-seven CSL students from 4 countries participated in the 6-week study. A within-subject design was adopted to confirm the effects of 3D immersive experiences on CSL students’ listening comprehension. All the participants sequentially experienced the two kinds of CSL listening support used in this study, both the traditional approach and 3D virtual immersion. The results of listening performance tests, questionnaires, and interview data were collected and analyzed during the study. The analysis results show that CSL students’ listening comprehension benefited from 3D immersion. The participants also expressed their preference for taking CSL listening lessons in 3D immersive contexts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-46
Number of pages12
JournalInnovation in Language Learning and Teaching
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 2


  • 3D immersion
  • Chinese a second language (CSL)
  • listening comprehension
  • multimodal
  • second life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language


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