The effect of carbon monoxide co-adsorption on Ni-catalysed water dissociation

Abas Mohsenzadeh, Anders Borjesson, Jeng Han Wang, Tobias Richards, Kim Bolton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of carbon monoxide (CO) co-adsorption on the dissociation of water on the Ni(111) surface has been studied using density functional theory. The structures of the adsorbed water molecule and of the transition state are changed by the presence of the CO molecule. The water O-H bond that is closest to the CO is lengthened compared to the structure in the absence of the CO, and the breaking O-H bond in the transition state structure has a larger imaginary frequency in the presence of CO. In addition, the distances between the Ni surface and H2O reactant and OH and H products decrease in the presence of the CO. The changes in structures and vibrational frequencies lead to a reaction energy that is 0.17 eV less exothermic in the presence of the CO, and an activation barrier that is 0.12 eV larger in the presence of the CO. At 463 K the water dissociation rate constant is an order of magnitude smaller in the presence of the CO. This reveals that far fewer water molecules will dissociate in the presence of CO under reaction conditions that are typical for the water-gas-shift reaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23301-23314
Number of pages14
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume14
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Nov 26

Fingerprint

Carbon Monoxide
Carbon monoxide
carbon monoxide
Adsorption
dissociation
adsorption
Water
water
Molecules
molecules
Water gas shift
Vibrational spectra
Density functional theory
Rate constants
Gases
Chemical activation
activation
density functional theory
Hydrogen
shift

Keywords

  • CO
  • DFT
  • HO
  • Nickel
  • Water adsorption
  • Water dissociation
  • Water gas shift reaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this

The effect of carbon monoxide co-adsorption on Ni-catalysed water dissociation. / Mohsenzadeh, Abas; Borjesson, Anders; Wang, Jeng Han; Richards, Tobias; Bolton, Kim.

In: International journal of molecular sciences, Vol. 14, No. 12, 26.11.2013, p. 23301-23314.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mohsenzadeh, Abas ; Borjesson, Anders ; Wang, Jeng Han ; Richards, Tobias ; Bolton, Kim. / The effect of carbon monoxide co-adsorption on Ni-catalysed water dissociation. In: International journal of molecular sciences. 2013 ; Vol. 14, No. 12. pp. 23301-23314.
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AB - The effect of carbon monoxide (CO) co-adsorption on the dissociation of water on the Ni(111) surface has been studied using density functional theory. The structures of the adsorbed water molecule and of the transition state are changed by the presence of the CO molecule. The water O-H bond that is closest to the CO is lengthened compared to the structure in the absence of the CO, and the breaking O-H bond in the transition state structure has a larger imaginary frequency in the presence of CO. In addition, the distances between the Ni surface and H2O reactant and OH and H products decrease in the presence of the CO. The changes in structures and vibrational frequencies lead to a reaction energy that is 0.17 eV less exothermic in the presence of the CO, and an activation barrier that is 0.12 eV larger in the presence of the CO. At 463 K the water dissociation rate constant is an order of magnitude smaller in the presence of the CO. This reveals that far fewer water molecules will dissociate in the presence of CO under reaction conditions that are typical for the water-gas-shift reaction.

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