The dynamical impact of mesoscale eddies on migration of Japanese eel larvae

Yu Lin Chang, Yasumasa Miyazawa, Melanie Beguer-Pon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, we explore the dynamical role of mesoscale eddies on fish larvae migration using the example of Subtropical Counter Current eddies and the migration of Japanese eel larvae in the western North Pacific Ocean. An idealized experiment is conducted to isolate the effects of eddies, and use a three-dimensional particle-tracking method to simulate virtual eel larvae (v-larvae) migration, including both horizontal and vertical swimming behaviors. The impact of eddies strongly depends on the swimming speed of v-larvae relative to the eddy speed. Eddies accelerate the movement of v-larvae that swim slower than the propagation speed of the eddy, whereas faster-swimming v-larvae are dragged by eddies. A modified stream function that incorporates biological swimming ability explains the non-uniform trapping of v-larvae in mesoscale eddies. A high swimming speed and/or a small eddy rotation speed results in a weak trapping capacity. Simulations of v-larvae migration in realistic cases of eddy fields indicate that the abundance of eddies significantly affects the duration of larval migration, with the effects being largely dependent on the larvae swimming speed. We noted a negative relationship between the observed annual eel recruitment index in Taiwan and the eddy index subtropical countercurrent (STCC) region, which suggests a potentially important role of mesoscale eddies in eel larvae migration.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0172501
JournalPloS one
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Mar

Fingerprint

Eels
Anguilla japonica
Larva
trapping
Eddy currents
Fish
leptocephalus larvae
Swimming
Pacific Ocean
fish larvae
eel
Aptitude
Taiwan
Fishes
duration
larvae

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

Cite this

The dynamical impact of mesoscale eddies on migration of Japanese eel larvae. / Chang, Yu Lin; Miyazawa, Yasumasa; Beguer-Pon, Melanie.

In: PloS one, Vol. 12, No. 3, e0172501, 03.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chang, Yu Lin ; Miyazawa, Yasumasa ; Beguer-Pon, Melanie. / The dynamical impact of mesoscale eddies on migration of Japanese eel larvae. In: PloS one. 2017 ; Vol. 12, No. 3.
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