The development and evaluation of an augmented reality-based armillary sphere for astronomical observation instruction

Jia Zhang, Yao Ting Sung, Huei Tse Hou, Kuo En Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Citations (Scopus)


Based on kinesthetic learning style theory and interviews regarding teachers' experiences applying traditional astronomy teaching methods, a mobile digital armillary sphere (MDAS) using augmented reality (AR) was developed for use during astronomical observation instruction. The MDAS enables visual processes and limb movements similar to those that would occur in actual outdoor experiences to be employed in the classroom, thereby overcoming existing instructional limitations. A quasi-experimental design method was adopted, and 200 fifth-grade students were selected as participants. The use of the MDAS in astronomical observation courses affected students' learning effectiveness and interest. The experimental results indicated that using the MDAS system during outdoor observation activities effectively enhanced both the students' learning of astronomical observation content and their performance of astronomical observation skills. In addition, use of the MDAS effectively increased students' interest in astronomical observations and learning, which had a substantial effect on retention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)178-188
Number of pages11
JournalComputers and Education
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Apr 1



  • Elementary education
  • Improving classroom teaching
  • Interactive learning environments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Education

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