The aqueous extract of Prunella vulgaris suppresses cell invasion and migration in human liver cancer cells by attenuating matrix metalloproteinases

Seung Hum Kim, Chung Yueh Huang, Cheng Yu Tsai, Shu Yi Lu, Chien Chih Chiu, Kang Fang

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16 Citations (Scopus)


The mechanism of action of Prunella vulgaris L. (PV) affecting cell migration and invasion of human liver cancer cells remains unknown. In this work we showed that the aqueous extract of PV affected migration and invasion of human liver carcinoma cells by inhibiting activities of metalloproteases, MMP-2 and MMP-9, without affecting cell viabilities. We further showed that PV suppressed migration through attenuation of enzymatic activities of MMP-9 and MMP-2 at transcriptional levels and the effects can be correlated with the status of p53 in hepatocarcinoma cells. This work provides a new dimension of understanding on Prunella vulgaris in restraining migration and invasion in human liver cancer cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)643-656
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican Journal of Chinese Medicine
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2012 May 31



  • Human Hepatocarcinoma Cells
  • Invasion and Metastasis
  • Prunella vulgaris

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Complementary and alternative medicine

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