The application of QR codes in outdoor education activities: Practice and discussion

Wen Shian Lee, Chun Yen Chang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We developed a mobile study program based on a cognitive theory of multimedia learning (CTML) and designed a novel outdoor mobile learning system (QR Code Information Greenmap, QRCIG). Learners use smart phones or similar devices equipped with decoding software to decode QR codes embedded in a Green Map that deliver images and voice assistance to learners about relevant content. We observed and measured 120 fifth and sixth grade elementary school students' outdoor activities and analysed the data by using the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM). The results demonstrated that students' behavioral intention to use and attitudes regarding the QRCIG were significantly positive (correlation coefficient = 0.597∗∗). Moreover, according to the analysis, the greater the skill of the students in using the QR code was, the higher their behavioral intention to use and frequency of adoption were (correlation coefficient ranging from 0.341 to 0.852). By conducting analysis using the TAM, we proved that an education program integrated using wireless mobile devices and message image (QR code) is highly applicable in outdoor education.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWorkshop Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Computers in Education, ICCE 2014
EditorsThepchai Supnithi, Siu Cheung Kong, Ying-Tien Wu, Tomoko Kojiri, Chen-Chung Liu, Hiroaki Ogata, Akihiro Kashihara
PublisherAsia-Pacific Society for Computers in Education
Pages756-765
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9784990801427
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1
Event22nd International Conference on Computers in Education, ICCE 2014 - Nara, Japan
Duration: 2014 Nov 302014 Dec 4

Publication series

NameWorkshop Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Computers in Education, ICCE 2014

Other

Other22nd International Conference on Computers in Education, ICCE 2014
CountryJapan
CityNara
Period14/11/3014/12/4

Keywords

  • CTML
  • Green Map
  • Outdoor education
  • QR Code

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Education

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  • Cite this

    Lee, W. S., & Chang, C. Y. (2014). The application of QR codes in outdoor education activities: Practice and discussion. In T. Supnithi, S. C. Kong, Y-T. Wu, T. Kojiri, C-C. Liu, H. Ogata, & A. Kashihara (Eds.), Workshop Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Computers in Education, ICCE 2014 (pp. 756-765). (Workshop Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Computers in Education, ICCE 2014). Asia-Pacific Society for Computers in Education.