The 186 Ma dashibalbar alkaline granitoid pluton in the North-gobi rift of central Mongolia: Evidence for melting of neoproterozoic basement above a plume

J. Dostal, J. V. Owen, O. Gerel, J. D. Keppie, R. Corney, J. G. Shellnutt, A. Macrae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Jurassic Dashibalbar granitoid pluton (∼300 km2) crops out in the Triassic North-Gobi rift of central Mongolia, just south of the 230 to 195 Ma Khentei batholith. The granitoids are shallow-seated dominantly, amphibole-bearing alkali feldspar granite that contain quartz-syenite/syenite enclaves. They are all composed of megacrystic mesoperthite, quartz, Ca-Na amphibole altered to biotite and rarely with pyroxene cores, magnetite and ilmenite. The pluton yielded a concordant U-Pb zircon age of 186 ± 1 Ma, which is similar to a published 189 ± 3 Ma 40Ar/39Ar amphibole age, and indicates rapid cooling through ca. 550 °C. This age is ca. 10 my younger than the 196 ± 4 Ma age of the bimodal volcanic complex intruded by the pluton. The volcanic complex is composed of augite-phyric transitional basalt and rhyolite/ comendite. Both basalts and rhyolites/comendites are evolved within-plate varieties with positive εNd(t) (∼ +2.5) values. The granitoids are evolved alkaline, A-type granites and quartz-syenites/syenites that are enriched in light REE's, but show a distinct depletion in Eu, Sr and Ba, indicative of feldspar fractionation. The data are consistent with derivation of the granites from the syenites by an assimilationfractional crystallization process involving a silicic crustal contaminant. The granitic rocks have εNd(t) values of ∼ +0.8 to +1.2, which are slightly lower than εNd(t) values +1.3 to +1.6 in the syenites, although both have similar TDM model ages (∼800-970 Ma). The∼800 Ma model ages of the basalt and rhyolite/comendite are comparable to those of the intrusion and enclaves. The compositions of all these rocks, including εNd(t) and TDM, are within the range of A-type granites and volcanic complexes of the Early Mesozoic Mongolian-Transbaikalian igneous province. The results suggest derivation of a parent magma of the granitoids and felsic volcanic rocks from underplated, enriched, Neoproterozoic mantle-derived basaltic rocks in the lower crust, whereas the Dashibalbar basalts were derived from Neoproterozoic subcontinental lithospheric mantle; Neoproterozoic megablocks crop out in adjacent parts of the Central Asian Orogenic Belt. Melting of lower crust and subcontinental lithospheric mantle implies a rising heat source. Although such a heat source is consistent with both rifting and passage over the Mongolian mantle plume, only the latter explains the west-to-east migration of the magmatism and rifting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)613-648
Number of pages36
JournalAmerican Journal of Science
Volume314
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

granitoid
pluton
plume
melting
basalt
amphibole
syenite
enclave
heat source
quartz
mantle
rhyolite
lower crust
rifting
rock
igneous province
crop
alkali feldspar
felsic rock
augite

Keywords

  • A-type granite
  • Central Asian Orogenic belt
  • Geochemistry
  • Jurassic
  • Mantle plume
  • Rifting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

The 186 Ma dashibalbar alkaline granitoid pluton in the North-gobi rift of central Mongolia : Evidence for melting of neoproterozoic basement above a plume. / Dostal, J.; Owen, J. V.; Gerel, O.; Keppie, J. D.; Corney, R.; Shellnutt, J. G.; Macrae, A.

In: American Journal of Science, Vol. 314, No. 2, 2014, p. 613-648.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The Jurassic Dashibalbar granitoid pluton (∼300 km2) crops out in the Triassic North-Gobi rift of central Mongolia, just south of the 230 to 195 Ma Khentei batholith. The granitoids are shallow-seated dominantly, amphibole-bearing alkali feldspar granite that contain quartz-syenite/syenite enclaves. They are all composed of megacrystic mesoperthite, quartz, Ca-Na amphibole altered to biotite and rarely with pyroxene cores, magnetite and ilmenite. The pluton yielded a concordant U-Pb zircon age of 186 ± 1 Ma, which is similar to a published 189 ± 3 Ma 40Ar/39Ar amphibole age, and indicates rapid cooling through ca. 550 °C. This age is ca. 10 my younger than the 196 ± 4 Ma age of the bimodal volcanic complex intruded by the pluton. The volcanic complex is composed of augite-phyric transitional basalt and rhyolite/ comendite. Both basalts and rhyolites/comendites are evolved within-plate varieties with positive εNd(t) (∼ +2.5) values. The granitoids are evolved alkaline, A-type granites and quartz-syenites/syenites that are enriched in light REE's, but show a distinct depletion in Eu, Sr and Ba, indicative of feldspar fractionation. The data are consistent with derivation of the granites from the syenites by an assimilationfractional crystallization process involving a silicic crustal contaminant. The granitic rocks have εNd(t) values of ∼ +0.8 to +1.2, which are slightly lower than εNd(t) values +1.3 to +1.6 in the syenites, although both have similar TDM model ages (∼800-970 Ma). The∼800 Ma model ages of the basalt and rhyolite/comendite are comparable to those of the intrusion and enclaves. The compositions of all these rocks, including εNd(t) and TDM, are within the range of A-type granites and volcanic complexes of the Early Mesozoic Mongolian-Transbaikalian igneous province. The results suggest derivation of a parent magma of the granitoids and felsic volcanic rocks from underplated, enriched, Neoproterozoic mantle-derived basaltic rocks in the lower crust, whereas the Dashibalbar basalts were derived from Neoproterozoic subcontinental lithospheric mantle; Neoproterozoic megablocks crop out in adjacent parts of the Central Asian Orogenic Belt. Melting of lower crust and subcontinental lithospheric mantle implies a rising heat source. Although such a heat source is consistent with both rifting and passage over the Mongolian mantle plume, only the latter explains the west-to-east migration of the magmatism and rifting.",
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AU - Owen, J. V.

AU - Gerel, O.

AU - Keppie, J. D.

AU - Corney, R.

AU - Shellnutt, J. G.

AU - Macrae, A.

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N2 - The Jurassic Dashibalbar granitoid pluton (∼300 km2) crops out in the Triassic North-Gobi rift of central Mongolia, just south of the 230 to 195 Ma Khentei batholith. The granitoids are shallow-seated dominantly, amphibole-bearing alkali feldspar granite that contain quartz-syenite/syenite enclaves. They are all composed of megacrystic mesoperthite, quartz, Ca-Na amphibole altered to biotite and rarely with pyroxene cores, magnetite and ilmenite. The pluton yielded a concordant U-Pb zircon age of 186 ± 1 Ma, which is similar to a published 189 ± 3 Ma 40Ar/39Ar amphibole age, and indicates rapid cooling through ca. 550 °C. This age is ca. 10 my younger than the 196 ± 4 Ma age of the bimodal volcanic complex intruded by the pluton. The volcanic complex is composed of augite-phyric transitional basalt and rhyolite/ comendite. Both basalts and rhyolites/comendites are evolved within-plate varieties with positive εNd(t) (∼ +2.5) values. The granitoids are evolved alkaline, A-type granites and quartz-syenites/syenites that are enriched in light REE's, but show a distinct depletion in Eu, Sr and Ba, indicative of feldspar fractionation. The data are consistent with derivation of the granites from the syenites by an assimilationfractional crystallization process involving a silicic crustal contaminant. The granitic rocks have εNd(t) values of ∼ +0.8 to +1.2, which are slightly lower than εNd(t) values +1.3 to +1.6 in the syenites, although both have similar TDM model ages (∼800-970 Ma). The∼800 Ma model ages of the basalt and rhyolite/comendite are comparable to those of the intrusion and enclaves. The compositions of all these rocks, including εNd(t) and TDM, are within the range of A-type granites and volcanic complexes of the Early Mesozoic Mongolian-Transbaikalian igneous province. The results suggest derivation of a parent magma of the granitoids and felsic volcanic rocks from underplated, enriched, Neoproterozoic mantle-derived basaltic rocks in the lower crust, whereas the Dashibalbar basalts were derived from Neoproterozoic subcontinental lithospheric mantle; Neoproterozoic megablocks crop out in adjacent parts of the Central Asian Orogenic Belt. Melting of lower crust and subcontinental lithospheric mantle implies a rising heat source. Although such a heat source is consistent with both rifting and passage over the Mongolian mantle plume, only the latter explains the west-to-east migration of the magmatism and rifting.

AB - The Jurassic Dashibalbar granitoid pluton (∼300 km2) crops out in the Triassic North-Gobi rift of central Mongolia, just south of the 230 to 195 Ma Khentei batholith. The granitoids are shallow-seated dominantly, amphibole-bearing alkali feldspar granite that contain quartz-syenite/syenite enclaves. They are all composed of megacrystic mesoperthite, quartz, Ca-Na amphibole altered to biotite and rarely with pyroxene cores, magnetite and ilmenite. The pluton yielded a concordant U-Pb zircon age of 186 ± 1 Ma, which is similar to a published 189 ± 3 Ma 40Ar/39Ar amphibole age, and indicates rapid cooling through ca. 550 °C. This age is ca. 10 my younger than the 196 ± 4 Ma age of the bimodal volcanic complex intruded by the pluton. The volcanic complex is composed of augite-phyric transitional basalt and rhyolite/ comendite. Both basalts and rhyolites/comendites are evolved within-plate varieties with positive εNd(t) (∼ +2.5) values. The granitoids are evolved alkaline, A-type granites and quartz-syenites/syenites that are enriched in light REE's, but show a distinct depletion in Eu, Sr and Ba, indicative of feldspar fractionation. The data are consistent with derivation of the granites from the syenites by an assimilationfractional crystallization process involving a silicic crustal contaminant. The granitic rocks have εNd(t) values of ∼ +0.8 to +1.2, which are slightly lower than εNd(t) values +1.3 to +1.6 in the syenites, although both have similar TDM model ages (∼800-970 Ma). The∼800 Ma model ages of the basalt and rhyolite/comendite are comparable to those of the intrusion and enclaves. The compositions of all these rocks, including εNd(t) and TDM, are within the range of A-type granites and volcanic complexes of the Early Mesozoic Mongolian-Transbaikalian igneous province. The results suggest derivation of a parent magma of the granitoids and felsic volcanic rocks from underplated, enriched, Neoproterozoic mantle-derived basaltic rocks in the lower crust, whereas the Dashibalbar basalts were derived from Neoproterozoic subcontinental lithospheric mantle; Neoproterozoic megablocks crop out in adjacent parts of the Central Asian Orogenic Belt. Melting of lower crust and subcontinental lithospheric mantle implies a rising heat source. Although such a heat source is consistent with both rifting and passage over the Mongolian mantle plume, only the latter explains the west-to-east migration of the magmatism and rifting.

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KW - Central Asian Orogenic belt

KW - Geochemistry

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KW - Mantle plume

KW - Rifting

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