Ternary Organic Solar Cell with 1750 h Half Lifetime Under Ultraviolet Irradiation with Solar Intensity

Ngoc Khanh Tran Ho, Chia Chen Liu, Kuan Yun Chiu, Hsin Fei Meng*, Yu Chiang Chao*, Fenghong Li, Peichen Yu, Hsiao Wen Zan, Sheng Fu Horng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The ultraviolet (UV) radiation in the solar spectrum causes most of the decay under sunlight for solar cells based on organic photovoltaics (OPV). One-year outdoor lifetime still remains challenging for OPV. The lifetime of 2000 h under continuous laboratory light corresponds to a 1 year outdoor lifetime. Herein, the stability of the OPVs is studied under continuous irradiation by a UV light emitting diode of 365 nm with a long tracking time. The intensity of 50 W m−2 is the same as the sunlight UV. The compositions of the active layer and cathode interfacial layer are sensitive to UV irradiation. In general, ternary devices have better UV stability than binary devices. In particular, a good stability is achieved for the ternary device based on the high-performance blend with poly[(2,6-(4,8-bis(5-(2-ethylhexyl-3-fluoro)thiophen-2-yl)-benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b']dithiophene))-alt-(5,5-(1',3'-di-2-thienyl-5',7'-bis(2-ethylhexyl)benzo[1',2'-c:4',5'-c']dithiophene-4,8-dione)] (PM6) as the donor. The acceptor is 2,2'-((2Z,2'Z)-((12,13-bis(2-ethylhexyl)-3,9-diundecyl-12,13-dihydro-[1,2,5]thiadiazolo[3,4-e]thieno[2",3":4',5']thieno[2',3':4,5]pyrrolo[3,2-g]thieno[2',3':4,5]thieno[3,2-b]indole-2,10-diyl)bis(methanylylidene))bis(5,6-difluoro-3-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-indene-2,1-diylidene))dimalononitrile (Y6). The fullerene derivative [6,6]-phenyl C71-butyric acid methyl ester (PC71BM) is added as the second acceptor, whereas a polymer poly[(2,6-(4,8-bis(5-(2-ethylhexyl)thiophen-2-yl)benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b']dithiophene))-co-(1,3-di(5-thiophene-2-yl)-5,7-bis(2-ethylhexyl)benzo[1,2-c:4,5-c']dithiophene-4,8-dione)] (PBDB-T) is added as the second donor. For the PM6:Y6 ternary device, the UV half lifetime is 1750 h, which is close to the 2000 h target set by the outdoor of a 1 year lifetime.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2101076
JournalSolar RRL
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jun


  • UV stability
  • non-fullerene acceptors
  • organic photovoltaics
  • solar intensity
  • ternary systems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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