Temperature dependence of defect mode in a defective photonic crystal

Yang Hua Chang, Ying Yan Jhu, Chien Jang Wu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

101 Citations (Scopus)


The temperature dependence of the defect mode in a one-dimensional defective photonic crystal is studied by simultaneously considering thermal expansion effect and thermal-optical effect. As the thickness and index of refraction of each constituent layer are modulated by temperature, the defect mode can be shifted as a function of temperature and thus a tunable transmission filter working in the visible region is proposed. The structure is designed with TiO 2 and SiO 2, and the latter is also used as the defect layer. It is found that the wavelength of the transmittance peak shifts 0.37 nm for a temperature increase of 100 °C. When the defect layer is replaced by Bi 4Ge 3O 12, the wavelength of the transmittance peak shifts can be enhanced to 0.50 nm for the same temperature increase, leading to a 35% improvement in temperature sensitivity. In addition to the tunable filtering feature in this design, it can also be used as a temperature-dependent refractometric optical sensing device.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1501-1504
Number of pages4
JournalOptics Communications
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Mar 15


  • Photonic crystal
  • Transfer matrix method
  • Tunable filter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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