Taiwanese members' report of verbal interactions and their relations to demographic variables in the group counseling process

Peter Jen der Pan, Liang Yu F. Deng, Shiou Ling Tsai, Shih-Hua Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose was to examine differences in verbal interactions during the group counseling process and the relationship between perceived verbal interactions and members' demographic variables. 42 participants were recruited and randomly assigned to one of four counseling groups. Based on the Hill Interaction Matrix, Quadrant 4 verbal interactions, consisting of Speculative and Confrontative verbal behaviors in Personal and Relationship levels, were perceived significantly more often at the closing stage than at the initial stage. Furthermore, the perceived verbal interactions were related to the demographic variables of sex, educational level, and group experience, but not acquaintanceship. The findings suggested that the higher ratings of perceived Speculative and Confrontative verbal behaviors and the lower ratings of Assertive and Silence verbal interactions must be interpreted cautiously from a cross-cultural perspective, especially in Asian cultures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)779-790
Number of pages12
JournalPsychological Reports
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jun 1


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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