Systematic review of the acute and chronic effects of high-intensity interval training on executive function across the lifespan

Shu Shih Hsieh, Ting Yu Chueh, Chung Ju Huang, Shih Chun Kao, Charles H. Hillman, Yu Kai Chang, Tsung Min Hung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Research regarding the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on executive function has grown exponentially in recent years. However, there has been no comprehensive review of the current state of literature. Therefore, the aim of this systematic review is to summarize previous research regarding the acute and chronic effects of HIIT on executive function across the lifespan and highlight future research directions. The results indicated that acute bouts of HIIT has a positive effect on inhibition in children/adolescents and adults, and further that chronic HIIT benefits inhibition and working memory in children. More research employing chronic interventions, focusing on middle-aged and older adults, and examining the effects on the working memory and cognitive flexibility domains of executive function are needed. Future research should also focus on a) the use of stronger research designs, b) the effects of HIIT dosage/modality, c) consideration of individual differences, d) possible underlying mechanisms, and e) examining the feasibility of translating HIIT to real-word settings.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • High-intensity exercise
  • inhibition
  • intermittent exercise
  • lactate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Systematic review of the acute and chronic effects of high-intensity interval training on executive function across the lifespan'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this