Synthetic nickel-containing superoxide dismutase attenuates para-phenylenediamine-induced bladder dysfunction in rats

Bing Juin Chiang, Tien Wen Chen, Shiu Dong Chung, Way-Zen Lee, Chiang-Ting Chien

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Para (p)-phenylenediamine and its toxic metabolites induce excess reactive oxygen species formation that results in bladder voiding dysfunction. We determined the effects of synthetic Ni-containing superoxide dismutase mimics and the role of oxidative stress in p-phenylenediamine-induced urinary bladder dysfunction. P-phenylenediamine (60 μg/kg/day) was intraperitoneally administered for 4 weeks to induce bladder injury in female Wistar rats. Synthetic Ni-containing superoxide dismutase mimics, WCT003 (1.5 mg/kg) and WCT006 (1.5 mg/kg), were then intraperitoneally administered for 2 weeks. Transcystometrograms were performed in urethane-anesthetized rats. The in vitro and in vivo reactive oxygen species levels and pathological changes in formalin-fixed bladder sections were evaluated. Western blotting and immunohistochemistry elucidated the pathophysiological mechanisms of oxidative stress-induced apoptosis, autophagy, and pyroptosis. P-phenylenediamine increased voiding frequency, blood and urinary bladder levels of reactive oxygen species, and neutrophil and mast cell infiltration. It also upregulated biomarkers of autophagy (LC3 II), apoptosis (poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase), and pyroptosis (Caspase 1). WCT003 and WCT006 ameliorated reactive oxygen species production, inflammation, apoptosis, autophagy, pyroptosis, and bladder hyperactivity. P-phenylenediamine increased oxidative stress, inflammatory leukocytosis, autophagy, apoptosis, and pyroptosis formation within the urinary bladder. Novel synthetic nickel-containing superoxide dismutase mimics relieved p-phenylenediamine-induced bladder inflammation and voiding dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105735-105748
Number of pages14
JournalOncotarget
Volume8
Issue number62
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Nov 11

Fingerprint

Nickel
Superoxide Dismutase
Urinary Bladder
Autophagy
Phenylenediamines
Reactive Oxygen Species
Apoptosis
Oxidative Stress
Inflammation
Caspase 1
Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases
4-phenylenediamine
Poisons
Urethane
Leukocytosis
Mast Cells
Formaldehyde
Wistar Rats
Neutrophils
Biomarkers

Keywords

  • Micturition
  • Ni-SOD mimics
  • Para-phenylenediamine
  • Programmed cell death
  • Urinary bladder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

Cite this

Synthetic nickel-containing superoxide dismutase attenuates para-phenylenediamine-induced bladder dysfunction in rats. / Chiang, Bing Juin; Chen, Tien Wen; Chung, Shiu Dong; Lee, Way-Zen; Chien, Chiang-Ting.

In: Oncotarget, Vol. 8, No. 62, 11.11.2017, p. 105735-105748.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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