Submicron Memtransistors Made from Monocrystalline Molybdenum Disulfide

Shu Ting Yang, Tilo H. Yang*, Bor Wei Liang, Han Chieh Lo, Wen Hao Chang, Po Yen Lin, Ching Yuan Su, Yann Wen Lan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Multiterminal memtransistors made from two-dimensional (2D) materials have garnered increasing attention in the pursuit of low-power heterosynaptic neuromorphic circuits. However, existing 2D memtransistors tend to necessitate high set voltages (>1 V) or feature defective channels, posing concerns regarding material integrity and intrinsic properties. Herein, we present a monocrystalline monolayer MoS2 memtransistor designed for operation within submicron regimes. Under reverse drain bias sweeps, our experiments reveal memristive behavior within the device, further controllable through modulation of the gate terminal. This controllability facilitates the consistent manifestation of multistate memory effects. Notably, the memtransistor behavior becomes more significant as the channel length diminishes, particularly with channel lengths below 1.6 μm, showcasing an increase in the switching ratio alongside a decrease in the set voltage with the decreasing channel length. Our optimized memtransistor demonstrates the ability to exhibit individual resistance states spanning 5 orders of magnitude, with switching drain voltages of approximately 0.05 V. To elucidate these findings, we investigate hot carrier effects and their interplay with oxide traps within the HfO2 dielectric. This work highlights the importance of memtransisor behavior in highly scaled 2D transistors, particularly those featuring low contact resistances. This understanding holds the potential to tailor memory characteristics essential for the development of energy-efficient neuromorphic devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6936-6945
Number of pages10
JournalACS Nano
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Mar 5


  • MoS
  • hot carrier effects
  • neuromorphic device
  • nonvolatile memory
  • resistive switching

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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