Study of the excitation power dependent internal quantum efficiency in InGaN/GaN LEDs grown on patterned sapphire substrate

Ya Ju Lee, Ching Hua Chiu, Chih Chun Ke, Po Chun Lin, Tien Chang Lu, Hao Chung Kuo, Shing Chung Wang

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    102 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The mechanisms of the excitation power dependent internal quantum efficiency in InGaN/GaN multiple quantum wells (MQWs) LEDs grown on the planar and the patterned sapphire substrates (PSS) at temperature of 15 and 300 K were investigated. From observation the tendency of emission peak energy and carrier lifetime variation in MQWs with different excitation power for both LED samples, we conclude the internal quantum efficiency would increase as coulomb screening effect dominates at lower carrier injection stage and decrease due to the band-filling effect at higher density stage. At room temperature, the majority of the initial injected carriers would be first consumed by the thermal activated nonradiative centers that hinder the further achievement of high-efficiency LED devices. Experimentally, the internal quantum efficiency of the LED grown on the PSS is $70% and that of the LED grown on the planar sapphire substrate is $62%. For the LED grown on the PSS, the observed higher internal quantum efficiency is due to the larger activation energy Therefore, the reduction of dislocation defects and the prevention of injected carriers escaping from extended states would be a promising prospective for InGaN/GaN MQWs LEDs to achieve high internal quantum efficiency.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number4815458
    Pages (from-to)1137-1143
    Number of pages7
    JournalIEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics
    Volume15
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009 Apr 21

    Keywords

    • GaN
    • Internal quantum efficiency
    • LEDs

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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