Structural, optical, and magnetic properties of Ho-implanted GaN thin films

F. Y. Lo*, J. Y. Guo, V. Ney, A. Ney, M. Y. Chern, A. Melnikov, S. Pezzagna, D. Reuter, A. D. Wieck, J. Massies

*Corresponding author for this work

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Ho ions were implanted into highly-resistive molecular-beam-epitaxy grown GaN thin films with a 100kV focused-ion-beam implanter at room temperature (RT). The implantation doses of Ho ions ranges from 1014 to 10 16 cm-2. Without thermal annealing, the structural, optical, and magnetic properties of the Ho-implanted thin films were investigated. Structural properties studied by x-ray diffraction revealed Ho incorporation into GaN matrix without secondary phase. The overall photoluminescence of any implanted sample is weaker than that of the non-implanted one. The spectra show neutral-donor-bound exciton emission and defect-related blue luminescence. Blocked superparamagnetic behavior was identified from Ho-implanted samples at temperatures below RT by measurements with a superconducting quantum interference device. The highest ordering temperature is 100 K.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012097
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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