Magneto-optical Kerr effect, low-energy electron diffraction, and Auger electron spectroscopy were used to investigate the magnetic properties and the growth mode of ultrathin Co films deposited on 1 ML (monolayer) Ni/Pt(111) at room temperature. No Kerr signal was observed when the thickness of Co film was below 3 ML, and the easy axis of the magnetization was in plane when the thickness of Co was greater than 3 ML at room temperature. The polar Kerr signal appeared after the sample was annealed at 450 K for 1 ML of Co. Further studies in the magnetic properties and surface composition of 3 ML Co/1 ML Ni/Pt(111) during an annealing process showed that the out-of-plane magnetization enhances significantly when Co and Ni atoms diffuse into the Pt substrate. The coercivity of the system can be adjusted by changing the annealing temperature. Measuring at room temperature, the coercivity increases when the annealing temperature rises. The possible mechanism of the evolution of magnetic properties with the structure of the interface is discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)