Sports training enhances visuo-spatial cognition regardless of open-closed typology

Ting Yu Chueh, Chung Ju Huang, Shu Shih Hsieh, Kuan Fu Chen, Yu Kai Chang, Tsung Min Hung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of open and closed sport participation on visuo-spatial attention and memory performance among young adults. Forty-eight young adults-16 open-skill athletes, 16 closed-skill athletes, and 16 non-athletes controls-were recruited for the study. Both behavioral performance and event- related potential (ERP) measurement were assessed when participants performed non- delayed and delayed match-to-sample task that tested visuo-spatial attention and memory processing. Results demonstrated that regardless of training typology, the athlete groups exhibited shorter reaction times in both the visuo-spatial attention and memory conditions than the control group with no existence of speed-accuracy trade-off. Similarly, a larger P3 amplitudes were observed in both athlete groups than in the control group for the visuo-spatial memory condition. These findings suggest that sports training, regardless of typology, are associated with superior visuo-spatial attention and memory performance, and more efficient neural resource allocation in memory processing.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere3336
JournalPeerJ
Volume2017
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Cognitive function
  • Event-related potential
  • Expertise
  • Sports

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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    Chueh, T. Y., Huang, C. J., Hsieh, S. S., Chen, K. F., Chang, Y. K., & Hung, T. M. (2017). Sports training enhances visuo-spatial cognition regardless of open-closed typology. PeerJ, 2017(5), [e3336]. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.3336