Spin versus lattice polaron: Prediction for electron-doped CaMnO3

Y. R. Chen*, P. B. Allen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


CaMnO3 is a simple bipartite antiferromagnet (AF) that can be continuously electron doped up to LaMnO3. Electrons enter the doubly degenerate Eg subshell with spins aligned to the S = 3/2 core of Mn4+(T2g3↑. We take the Hubbard and Hund energies to be effectively infinite. Our model Hamiltonian has two Egorbitals per Mn atom, nearest-neighbor hopping, nearest neighbor exchange coupling of the S = 3/2 cores, and electron-phonon coupling of Mn orbitals to adjacent oxygen atoms. We solve this model for light doping. Electrons are confined in local ferromagnetic (FM) regions (spin polarons) where there proceeds an interesting competition between spin polarization (spin polarons), which enlarges the polaron, and lattice polarization (Jahn-Teller polarons), which makes it smaller. A symmetric seven-atom ferromagnetic cluster (Mn727+) is the stable result, with a net spin S = 2 relative to the undoped AF. The distorted oxygen positions around the electron are predicted. The possibility that two electrons will form a bipolaron has been considered. A fairly modest Coulomb repulsion Uc=0.98|t| (where t≈-0.75 eV) will destroy any simple bipolaron. Therefore we do not expect phase separation to occur. The model predicts a critical doping x∼0.045 where the polaronic insulator becomes unstable relative to a FM metal.

Original languageEnglish
Article number064401
Pages (from-to)644011-644018
Number of pages8
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Aug 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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