Spin-phonon coupling in antiferromagnetic Bi2 Sr2 CoO6+δ: An infrared reflectance study

H. C. Hsu, F. C. Chou, K. Koyama, K. Watanabe, Hsiang Lin Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The ab -plane infrared and optical reflectance of single-crystal Bi2 Sr2 CoO6+δ (0.4<δ<0.5) have been measured over a wide frequency range (50-55000 cm-1) and at temperatures between 20 and 330 K. The room-temperature infrared spectrum displays an insulating characteristic. The optical gap determined from the infrared conductivity (∼0.53 eV) is consistent with thermal activation energy from dc transport measurements. Upon passing through the 265 K antiferromagnetic ordering transition, a softening of the phonon mode near 205 cm-1 correlates well with the temperature-dependent normalized square of the sublattice magnetization. Furthermore, the magnetic-order-induced splitting of the phonon modes at about 238 and 376 cm-1 is observed. Additionally, the phonon mode at about 588 cm-1 exhibits a Fano-type line shape. Since no appreciable structural change was detected at low temperatures in x-ray diffraction studies, all of these observables suggest a complex nature of spin-phonon coupling in this material.

Original languageEnglish
Article number155109
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume79
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Apr 1

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Infrared radiation
reflectance
softening
Temperature
sublattices
line shape
x ray diffraction
infrared spectra
frequency ranges
activation energy
Magnetization
conductivity
magnetization
temperature
Activation energy
Diffraction
single crystals
Single crystals
room temperature
X rays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Spin-phonon coupling in antiferromagnetic Bi2 Sr2 CoO6+δ : An infrared reflectance study. / Hsu, H. C.; Chou, F. C.; Koyama, K.; Watanabe, K.; Liu, Hsiang Lin.

In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, Vol. 79, No. 15, 155109, 01.04.2009.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - The ab -plane infrared and optical reflectance of single-crystal Bi2 Sr2 CoO6+δ (0.4<δ<0.5) have been measured over a wide frequency range (50-55000 cm-1) and at temperatures between 20 and 330 K. The room-temperature infrared spectrum displays an insulating characteristic. The optical gap determined from the infrared conductivity (∼0.53 eV) is consistent with thermal activation energy from dc transport measurements. Upon passing through the 265 K antiferromagnetic ordering transition, a softening of the phonon mode near 205 cm-1 correlates well with the temperature-dependent normalized square of the sublattice magnetization. Furthermore, the magnetic-order-induced splitting of the phonon modes at about 238 and 376 cm-1 is observed. Additionally, the phonon mode at about 588 cm-1 exhibits a Fano-type line shape. Since no appreciable structural change was detected at low temperatures in x-ray diffraction studies, all of these observables suggest a complex nature of spin-phonon coupling in this material.

AB - The ab -plane infrared and optical reflectance of single-crystal Bi2 Sr2 CoO6+δ (0.4<δ<0.5) have been measured over a wide frequency range (50-55000 cm-1) and at temperatures between 20 and 330 K. The room-temperature infrared spectrum displays an insulating characteristic. The optical gap determined from the infrared conductivity (∼0.53 eV) is consistent with thermal activation energy from dc transport measurements. Upon passing through the 265 K antiferromagnetic ordering transition, a softening of the phonon mode near 205 cm-1 correlates well with the temperature-dependent normalized square of the sublattice magnetization. Furthermore, the magnetic-order-induced splitting of the phonon modes at about 238 and 376 cm-1 is observed. Additionally, the phonon mode at about 588 cm-1 exhibits a Fano-type line shape. Since no appreciable structural change was detected at low temperatures in x-ray diffraction studies, all of these observables suggest a complex nature of spin-phonon coupling in this material.

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