Spin alignment of stars in old open clusters

Enrico Corsaro*, Yueh Ning Lee, Rafael A. Garciá, Patrick Hennebelle, Savita Mathur, Paul G. Beck, Stephane Mathis, Dennis Stello, Jérôme Bouvier

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Stellar clusters form by gravitational collapse of turbulent molecular clouds, with up to several thousand stars per cluster 1. They are thought to be the birthplace of most stars and therefore play an important role in our understanding of star formation, a fundamental problem in astrophysics 2,3. The initial conditions of the molecular cloud establish its dynamical history until the stellar cluster is born. However, the evolution of the cloud's angular momentum during cluster formation is not well understood 4. Current observations have suggested that turbulence scrambles the angular momentum of the cluster-forming cloud, preventing spin alignment among stars within a cluster 5. Here we use asteroseismology 6-8 to measure the inclination angles of spin axes in 48 stars from the two old open clusters NGC 6791 and NGC 6819. The stars within each cluster show strong alignment. Three-dimensional hydrodynamical simulations of proto-cluster formation show that at least 50% of the initial proto-cluster kinetic energy has to be rotational in order to obtain strong stellar-spin alignment within a cluster. Our result indicates that the global angular momentum of the cluster-forming clouds was efficiently transferred to each star and that its imprint has survived several gigayears since the clusters formed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number0064
JournalNature Astronomy
Volume1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Mar 2
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

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