Species delimitation in the Hwamei Garrulax canorus

Shou Hsien Li, Jing Wen Li, Lian Xian Han, Cheng Te Yao, Haitao Shi, Fu Min Lei, Chungwei Yen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Due to the male's elaborate songs, the Hwamei Garrulax canorus is the most popular caged bird in the global Chinese community. Three allopatric Hwamei subspecies have been described: G. c. canorus in central and southern China and northern Indochina, G. c. owstoni from Hainan and G. c. taewanus from Taiwan. We sequenced the entire mitochondrial cytochrome b gene to reconstruct the molecular intraspecific phylogeny of the Hwamei. Molecular phylogenetic trees indicated that individuals of the three subspecies formed three monophyletic clades with high bootstrap support (> 95%). The basal clade was G. c. taewanus. According to a conventional molecular clock (2% divergence per million years), G. c. taewanus split from the other Hwamei taxa around 1.5 million years ago, and G. c. owstoni diverged from G. c. canorus around 0.6 million years ago. Considering the periodic connection between the Asian mainland and nearby continental islands during the glacial periods, habitat vicariance may have played a more important role than geographical vicariance in facilitating the differentiation of these taxa. Molecular diagnosability, population integrity, and concordance between the population ranges and the topology of the phylogenetic tree suggested that the Hwamei should be delimited into at least two full species: G. canorus and G. taewanus. Our work represents one of the first attempts to re-evaluate the intraspecific systematics for an eastern Asian bird species using molecular data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)698-706
Number of pages9
JournalIbis
Volume148
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Oct 1

Fingerprint

vicariance
subspecies
phylogenetics
phylogeny
song
topology
Indochina
cytochrome
China
birds
divergence
bird
cytochrome b
animal communication
gene
Taiwan
habitat
taxonomy
habitats
Garrulax canorus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Animal Science and Zoology

Cite this

Li, S. H., Li, J. W., Han, L. X., Yao, C. T., Shi, H., Lei, F. M., & Yen, C. (2006). Species delimitation in the Hwamei Garrulax canorus. Ibis, 148(4), 698-706. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1474-919X.2006.00571.x

Species delimitation in the Hwamei Garrulax canorus. / Li, Shou Hsien; Li, Jing Wen; Han, Lian Xian; Yao, Cheng Te; Shi, Haitao; Lei, Fu Min; Yen, Chungwei.

In: Ibis, Vol. 148, No. 4, 01.10.2006, p. 698-706.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Li, SH, Li, JW, Han, LX, Yao, CT, Shi, H, Lei, FM & Yen, C 2006, 'Species delimitation in the Hwamei Garrulax canorus', Ibis, vol. 148, no. 4, pp. 698-706. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1474-919X.2006.00571.x
Li SH, Li JW, Han LX, Yao CT, Shi H, Lei FM et al. Species delimitation in the Hwamei Garrulax canorus. Ibis. 2006 Oct 1;148(4):698-706. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1474-919X.2006.00571.x
Li, Shou Hsien ; Li, Jing Wen ; Han, Lian Xian ; Yao, Cheng Te ; Shi, Haitao ; Lei, Fu Min ; Yen, Chungwei. / Species delimitation in the Hwamei Garrulax canorus. In: Ibis. 2006 ; Vol. 148, No. 4. pp. 698-706.
@article{a923721e54164483a0087b7811a9b2a6,
title = "Species delimitation in the Hwamei Garrulax canorus",
abstract = "Due to the male's elaborate songs, the Hwamei Garrulax canorus is the most popular caged bird in the global Chinese community. Three allopatric Hwamei subspecies have been described: G. c. canorus in central and southern China and northern Indochina, G. c. owstoni from Hainan and G. c. taewanus from Taiwan. We sequenced the entire mitochondrial cytochrome b gene to reconstruct the molecular intraspecific phylogeny of the Hwamei. Molecular phylogenetic trees indicated that individuals of the three subspecies formed three monophyletic clades with high bootstrap support (> 95{\%}). The basal clade was G. c. taewanus. According to a conventional molecular clock (2{\%} divergence per million years), G. c. taewanus split from the other Hwamei taxa around 1.5 million years ago, and G. c. owstoni diverged from G. c. canorus around 0.6 million years ago. Considering the periodic connection between the Asian mainland and nearby continental islands during the glacial periods, habitat vicariance may have played a more important role than geographical vicariance in facilitating the differentiation of these taxa. Molecular diagnosability, population integrity, and concordance between the population ranges and the topology of the phylogenetic tree suggested that the Hwamei should be delimited into at least two full species: G. canorus and G. taewanus. Our work represents one of the first attempts to re-evaluate the intraspecific systematics for an eastern Asian bird species using molecular data.",
author = "Li, {Shou Hsien} and Li, {Jing Wen} and Han, {Lian Xian} and Yao, {Cheng Te} and Haitao Shi and Lei, {Fu Min} and Chungwei Yen",
year = "2006",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/j.1474-919X.2006.00571.x",
language = "English",
volume = "148",
pages = "698--706",
journal = "Ibis",
issn = "0019-1019",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Species delimitation in the Hwamei Garrulax canorus

AU - Li, Shou Hsien

AU - Li, Jing Wen

AU - Han, Lian Xian

AU - Yao, Cheng Te

AU - Shi, Haitao

AU - Lei, Fu Min

AU - Yen, Chungwei

PY - 2006/10/1

Y1 - 2006/10/1

N2 - Due to the male's elaborate songs, the Hwamei Garrulax canorus is the most popular caged bird in the global Chinese community. Three allopatric Hwamei subspecies have been described: G. c. canorus in central and southern China and northern Indochina, G. c. owstoni from Hainan and G. c. taewanus from Taiwan. We sequenced the entire mitochondrial cytochrome b gene to reconstruct the molecular intraspecific phylogeny of the Hwamei. Molecular phylogenetic trees indicated that individuals of the three subspecies formed three monophyletic clades with high bootstrap support (> 95%). The basal clade was G. c. taewanus. According to a conventional molecular clock (2% divergence per million years), G. c. taewanus split from the other Hwamei taxa around 1.5 million years ago, and G. c. owstoni diverged from G. c. canorus around 0.6 million years ago. Considering the periodic connection between the Asian mainland and nearby continental islands during the glacial periods, habitat vicariance may have played a more important role than geographical vicariance in facilitating the differentiation of these taxa. Molecular diagnosability, population integrity, and concordance between the population ranges and the topology of the phylogenetic tree suggested that the Hwamei should be delimited into at least two full species: G. canorus and G. taewanus. Our work represents one of the first attempts to re-evaluate the intraspecific systematics for an eastern Asian bird species using molecular data.

AB - Due to the male's elaborate songs, the Hwamei Garrulax canorus is the most popular caged bird in the global Chinese community. Three allopatric Hwamei subspecies have been described: G. c. canorus in central and southern China and northern Indochina, G. c. owstoni from Hainan and G. c. taewanus from Taiwan. We sequenced the entire mitochondrial cytochrome b gene to reconstruct the molecular intraspecific phylogeny of the Hwamei. Molecular phylogenetic trees indicated that individuals of the three subspecies formed three monophyletic clades with high bootstrap support (> 95%). The basal clade was G. c. taewanus. According to a conventional molecular clock (2% divergence per million years), G. c. taewanus split from the other Hwamei taxa around 1.5 million years ago, and G. c. owstoni diverged from G. c. canorus around 0.6 million years ago. Considering the periodic connection between the Asian mainland and nearby continental islands during the glacial periods, habitat vicariance may have played a more important role than geographical vicariance in facilitating the differentiation of these taxa. Molecular diagnosability, population integrity, and concordance between the population ranges and the topology of the phylogenetic tree suggested that the Hwamei should be delimited into at least two full species: G. canorus and G. taewanus. Our work represents one of the first attempts to re-evaluate the intraspecific systematics for an eastern Asian bird species using molecular data.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33750170540&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33750170540&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1474-919X.2006.00571.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1474-919X.2006.00571.x

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:33750170540

VL - 148

SP - 698

EP - 706

JO - Ibis

JF - Ibis

SN - 0019-1019

IS - 4

ER -