Special tonal alternations in Dongshi Hakka reduplication

Hui Shan Lin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


This paper investigates the special tone sandhi phenomena in the reduplication patterns of AB(C)AB(C), AAA, and AAAA in Dongshi Hakka. These patterns are notable in that they involve tone sandhi patterns that are different from those found in non-reduplications. Within the constraint-based theory of OT, this paper shows that although the tonal alternations observed in the different reduplication patterns are distinct from one another, they are all accompanied with a floating high tone which contributes greatly to the special patterns associated with tone sandhi. In addition to the existence of a floating high tone, AAA reduplication and AAAA reduplication also surface with fixed tonal melodies. It is shown that the fixed tonal melodies in the two patterns of reduplication actually resemble the common phenomena of fixed segmentism in reduplication and are driven by markedness requirements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-65
Number of pages65
JournalTaiwan Journal of Linguistics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • Dongshi Hakka
  • Fixed tonal melody
  • Floating high tone
  • Optimality theory
  • Reduplication
  • Special tone sandhi

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language


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