Solid-state 13C NMR characterization of the morphology of ultrahigh molecular weight, high performance polyethylene fibers

Der Lii Tzou*, Tai huang Huang, Anil W.E. Saraf, Prashant Desai

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Among the many routes which have been explored for converting flexible polymers to high performance fiber structures, the gel spinning process for the manufacture of ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) fibers with high tenacity represents the most successful to date. Stretching of an entangled molecular network of long flexible chains to a very high extent, in order to reduce defects while forming a highly aligned spatial architecture, is believed to be a basic element of the gel spinning process. Studies by various investigators have shown clearly that it is necessary to have extended fibrillar morphology with a high degree of crystallinity to achieve high strength and modulus in UHMWPE fibers. There is, however, some disagreement regarding the extent, if any, of a non-crystalline phase and the structure within, and between, the microfibrils. In this paper we report a solid-state 13C CP/MAS study of the morphology of these polymer fibers. We report the detection of three components in the 13C NMR spectra. The intensities of these components were determined quantitatively. The orientational order of these components were characterized by 2-dimensional rotor synchronized CP/MAS technique.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)375-376
Number of pages2
JournalPolymeric Materials Science and Engineering, Proceedings of the ACS Division of Polymeric Materials Science and Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the American Chemical Society, Spring Meeting - Atlanta, GA, USA
Duration: 1991 Apr 151991 Apr 19

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Polymers and Plastics


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