Socratic-dialectic learning system of recursion programming

Kuo En Chang*, Pin Chieh Lin, Yao Ting Sung, Sei-Wang Chen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this research was to construct a recursion programming learning system based on Socratic dialogue. Since recursion programming learning relates to the formation and evolution of mental models, the learning may not be effective if teachers rely only on simply telling the students the standard solutions. Instead, teachers should urge the students to consider the mistakes and contradictions discovered by themselves in the learning process. Socratic dialogue is applied as a dialectic method, which presents questions to students and encourages them to reflect on their own thinking. In this study, we explored the fundamental Socratic dialogue reasoning principles and implemented these principles through production rules. This Socratic-dialectic learning system was implemented using database techniques and evaluated by an empirical study. According to the experimental results, the Socratic dialogue was proven to have positive impact on recursion programming learning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-150
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Educational Computing Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Computer Science Applications


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