“Sharks in Your Hands”—A Case Study on Effects of Teaching Strategies to Change Knowledge and Attitudes Towards Sharks

Hung Shan Lee, Shiang Yao Liu, Ting Kuang Yeh

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This study was designed to exemplify how hands-on based teaching strategies enhanced students’ knowledge and positive attitudes towards sharks. Hands-on activities for sharks’ biological and morphological features were carried out. Eleven elementary school students from a remote area in Taiwan were recruited and assigned to the hands-on condition. They were encouraged to draw pictures of sharks before and after the instruction as the main data for pre- and post-test comparison. Two years later, the retention test and attitude inventory towards sharks were implemented. The results revealed that large effect size emerged for both the post-test and retention test. In regards to attitude inventory, students involved in hands-on activities also significantly outperformed the baseline group. Many of them have taken notice of television programs and books about sharks or marine ecology since the hands-on activities, indicating the instruction had a beneficial impact on their extracurricular lives. Empirical findings of this study suggest hands-on instruction is a powerful strategy for learning, both for immediate and prolonged effects on improving students’ knowledge and attitudes toward sharks.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)345-357
    Number of pages13
    JournalJournal of Biological Education
    Volume50
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jul 2

    Keywords

    • Attitudes
    • Hands-on activities
    • Sharks

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Education
    • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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