Semi-ductile cutting regime technology for machining Zerodur glass-ceramic microstructures

Shun Tong Chen*, Kai Chieh Yang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Zerodur glass-ceramic has potential uses in many fields from aerospace to electro-optical industries due to its extremely low thermal expansion coefficient. However, being extremely hard and brittle makes it difficult to process using traditional machining methods. This paper deals with a novel hybrid technology for machining 3-D microstructures using Zerodur glass-ceramic. Based on a Semi-ductile cutting depth, experiments are conducted using different cutting modes: regular cutting, current-feedback cutting, and a current-feedback control strategy with high-frequency vibration-assistance. High-frequency vibration-assisted cutting creates extremely shallow microcracks on the surface of the glass-ceramic that facilitate the removal of material. It was also found that the designed diamond tool with a −70° rake angle and negative rake angle of abrasive-grains can produce an exceptional negative rake-angle press-cut effect helping to suppress brittle-fracturing from occurring. Experimental results show that the proposed ‘high-frequency vibration-assisted cutting’ mode with a ‘self-controlling cutting force’ can automatically adjust the tool feed-rate on-line, increasing the material removal rate and protecting the glass-ceramic against brittle-fracturing. A 3-D microstructure made of Zerodur glass-ceramic is successfully machined under semi-ductile regime cutting, confirming the feasibility of the proposed technology, and opening-up the potential for micromachining hard-brittle materials such as Zerodur glass-ceramics for commercial applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)92-109
Number of pages18
JournalPrecision Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Mar


  • Current-feedback control strategy
  • High-frequency vibration-assisted cutting
  • Negative rake-angle press-cut effect
  • Semi-ductile regime cutting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering


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