Self-talk and softball performance: The role of self-talk nature, motor task characteristics, and self-efficacy in novice softball players

Yu Kai Chang*, Li An Ho, Frank Jing Horng Lu, Ching Chieh Ou, Tai Feng Song, Diane L. Gill

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To determine the effect of self-talk on softball throwing performance. Additionally, two moderators, nature of self-talk and type of motor task, as well as a potential mediator of self-efficacy were examined. Deign: An experimental, within-subjects, and counterbalanced design. Methods: Forty-two senior high students (mean age=17.48±0.55) were instructed to use instructional, motivational, and unrelated self-talk with counterbalanced order prior to softball throwing for accuracy and distance tasks. Results: Both instructional and motivational self-talk conditions had better performance than unrelated self-talk on softball throwing accuracy, whereas motivational self-talk had better performance than both instructional and unrelated self-talk in softball throwing for distance. Results for self-efficacy were similar, with self-efficacy for accuracy performance higher in both instructional and motivational self-talk conditions than with unrelated self-talk, while self-efficacy was highest in the motivational self-talk condition and lowest with unrelated self-talk. Significant correlations between self-efficacy and motor performance were also found with both tasks. Conclusion: These findings partially support the task-matching hypothesis, confirm the moderator role of type of self-talk and task type, suggest that self-efficacy has a mediator role, and provide direction for self-talk effectiveness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-145
Number of pages7
JournalPsychology of Sport and Exercise
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Instructional self-talk
  • Motivational self-talk
  • Psychological skill
  • Softball throwing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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