Second language acquisition of Chinese conjunction er ('and'): A Corpus-based study

Yi Chun Tseng, Miao Ling Hsieh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigates L2 learners' acquisition of the conjunction er in Chinese and their general performance in conjoining clauses within a four-tier categorization of er. Our findings show that at the initial stage, learners tend to use er to connect clauses that involve a subordination relation. The preponderance of this use of er by intermediate learners is in sharp contrast with the finding that native speakers use more er's to conjoin sentences/paragraphs instead. Equally remarkable is the progress that learners made from conjoining at an intra-sentence level to an inter-sentence level, showing a developmental pattern in interlanguage. Finally, non-target errors are found to be largely due to an under-differentiation of the syntactic and semantic requirements of different conjuncts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-171
Number of pages47
JournalTaiwan Journal of Linguistics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • Chinese conjunction
  • Corpus
  • Second language acquisition
  • er

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language


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