Role of Proprioception in Slow and Rapid Movements

Jie Feng, Tsung Min Hung, Rui Huang, Shuang Hou, Jie Ren*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This study aimed to compare the contributions of sources of proprioception to the reproduction accuracy of relatively slower and more rapid arm movements. We recruited 34 volunteers and gave them dart throwing tasks under two different durations followed by joint position sense (JPS) tests and force sense (FS) tests at the elbow and the wrist. We found moderately positive correlations between slow movement performance and proprioceptive acuity with FS (wrist) and JPS (elbow), accounting for 52% of the absolute errors (p <.001), and, with FS (wrist), accounting for 50% of the variable error (p <.001). Moreover, we observed a smaller correlation between rapid movement performance and proprioceptive acuity, accounting for 17% of absolute errors with JPS (elbow; p =.008) and 11% of variable error (p =.033). These results suggest that relatively slow movement performance is partly determined by performers’ proprioceptive acuity of the movement-related limbs. Relatively rapid movement performance is also affected by correctional proprioceptive feedback, though to a lesser degree.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-298
Number of pages18
JournalPerceptual and motor skills
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Apr 1


  • feedback
  • feedforward
  • hybrid model
  • proprioception
  • rapid movement
  • slow movement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Sensory Systems


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