In this article, the excitation of dipolar localized surface plasmon resonances (LSPRs) in both the far- and near-field regions is described in terms of the relevant static, dynamic, and radiative depolarization factors. This approach offers a direct relationship between the evolution of the LSPR spectral line and the depolarization components in an analogous sense to a harmonic oscillator. The static, dynamic, and radiative terms reflect the coefficients of the "stiffness", effective mass, and damping in the oscillator system, respectively. Hence, one can immediately perceive that the static part of the depolarization factor is mainly responsible for the shifts in the resonant frequency, and the radiative part is responsible for the change in bandwidth. Additionally, the dynamic part behaves like an effective mass, acting as an inertial weighting factor that decides how significant the changes taking place in the system are. From this model, we can rationalize that the qualitative behavior of the far-field efficiency primarily depends on the shifting resonant frequencies, and the corresponding near-field efficiency is highly sensitive to the presence of damping. The model also clarifies the discrepancy in the resonant frequency and bandwidth between the far- and near-field spectra, which is due to the significant presence of the radiative component. These basic descriptions can be used as a guiding principle for handling more sophisticated structures and gaining more rationalized designs for novel applications related to the LSPR mechanism.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films