Robust half-metallic antiferromagnets LaAVOs O6 and LaAMoY O6 (A=Ca, Sr,Ba; Y=Re, Tc) from first-principles calculations

Y. K. Wang, G. Y. Guo

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Abstract

We have theoretically designed three families of the half-metallic (HM) antiferromagnets (AFM), namely, LaAVOs O6, LaAMoTc O6, and LaAMoRe O6 (A=Ca, Sr,Ba), based on a systematic ab initio study of the ordered double perovskites LaAB B′ O6 with the possible B and B′ pairs from all the 3d, 4d, and 5d transition metal elements being considered. Electronic structure calculations based on first-principles density-functional theory with generalized gradient approximation for more than 60 double perovskites LaCaB B′ O6 have been performed using the all-electron full-potential linearized augmented-plane-wave method. The found HM-AFM state in these materials survives the full ab initio lattice constant and atomic position optimizations which were carried out using the frozen-core full potential projector augmented wave method. It is found that the HM-AFM properties predicted previously in some of the double perovskites would disappear after the full structural optimizations. The AFM is attributed to both the superexchange mechanism and the generalized double exchange mechanism via the B (t2g) -O (2 pπ) - B′ (t2g) coupling and the latter is also believed to be the origin of the HM. Finally, in our search for the HM-AFMs, we find LaACrTc O6 and LaACrRe O6 to be AFM insulators of an unconventional type in the sense that the two antiferromagnetic coupled ions consist of two different elements and that the two spin-resolved densities of states are no longer the same. It is hoped that our interesting predictions would stimulate further experimental searches for the HM-AFMs which have so far been unsuccessful.

Original languageEnglish
Article number064424
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume73
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Mar 6

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perovskites
Structural optimization
atomic force microscopy
Chemical elements
Lattice constants
Electronic structure
Transition metals
Density functional theory
optimization
projectors
Ions
Electrons
plane waves
transition metals
insulators
density functional theory
electronic structure
gradients
predictions
approximation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

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title = "Robust half-metallic antiferromagnets LaAVOs O6 and LaAMoY O6 (A=Ca, Sr,Ba; Y=Re, Tc) from first-principles calculations",
abstract = "We have theoretically designed three families of the half-metallic (HM) antiferromagnets (AFM), namely, LaAVOs O6, LaAMoTc O6, and LaAMoRe O6 (A=Ca, Sr,Ba), based on a systematic ab initio study of the ordered double perovskites LaAB B′ O6 with the possible B and B′ pairs from all the 3d, 4d, and 5d transition metal elements being considered. Electronic structure calculations based on first-principles density-functional theory with generalized gradient approximation for more than 60 double perovskites LaCaB B′ O6 have been performed using the all-electron full-potential linearized augmented-plane-wave method. The found HM-AFM state in these materials survives the full ab initio lattice constant and atomic position optimizations which were carried out using the frozen-core full potential projector augmented wave method. It is found that the HM-AFM properties predicted previously in some of the double perovskites would disappear after the full structural optimizations. The AFM is attributed to both the superexchange mechanism and the generalized double exchange mechanism via the B (t2g) -O (2 pπ) - B′ (t2g) coupling and the latter is also believed to be the origin of the HM. Finally, in our search for the HM-AFMs, we find LaACrTc O6 and LaACrRe O6 to be AFM insulators of an unconventional type in the sense that the two antiferromagnetic coupled ions consist of two different elements and that the two spin-resolved densities of states are no longer the same. It is hoped that our interesting predictions would stimulate further experimental searches for the HM-AFMs which have so far been unsuccessful.",
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AU - Guo, G. Y.

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N2 - We have theoretically designed three families of the half-metallic (HM) antiferromagnets (AFM), namely, LaAVOs O6, LaAMoTc O6, and LaAMoRe O6 (A=Ca, Sr,Ba), based on a systematic ab initio study of the ordered double perovskites LaAB B′ O6 with the possible B and B′ pairs from all the 3d, 4d, and 5d transition metal elements being considered. Electronic structure calculations based on first-principles density-functional theory with generalized gradient approximation for more than 60 double perovskites LaCaB B′ O6 have been performed using the all-electron full-potential linearized augmented-plane-wave method. The found HM-AFM state in these materials survives the full ab initio lattice constant and atomic position optimizations which were carried out using the frozen-core full potential projector augmented wave method. It is found that the HM-AFM properties predicted previously in some of the double perovskites would disappear after the full structural optimizations. The AFM is attributed to both the superexchange mechanism and the generalized double exchange mechanism via the B (t2g) -O (2 pπ) - B′ (t2g) coupling and the latter is also believed to be the origin of the HM. Finally, in our search for the HM-AFMs, we find LaACrTc O6 and LaACrRe O6 to be AFM insulators of an unconventional type in the sense that the two antiferromagnetic coupled ions consist of two different elements and that the two spin-resolved densities of states are no longer the same. It is hoped that our interesting predictions would stimulate further experimental searches for the HM-AFMs which have so far been unsuccessful.

AB - We have theoretically designed three families of the half-metallic (HM) antiferromagnets (AFM), namely, LaAVOs O6, LaAMoTc O6, and LaAMoRe O6 (A=Ca, Sr,Ba), based on a systematic ab initio study of the ordered double perovskites LaAB B′ O6 with the possible B and B′ pairs from all the 3d, 4d, and 5d transition metal elements being considered. Electronic structure calculations based on first-principles density-functional theory with generalized gradient approximation for more than 60 double perovskites LaCaB B′ O6 have been performed using the all-electron full-potential linearized augmented-plane-wave method. The found HM-AFM state in these materials survives the full ab initio lattice constant and atomic position optimizations which were carried out using the frozen-core full potential projector augmented wave method. It is found that the HM-AFM properties predicted previously in some of the double perovskites would disappear after the full structural optimizations. The AFM is attributed to both the superexchange mechanism and the generalized double exchange mechanism via the B (t2g) -O (2 pπ) - B′ (t2g) coupling and the latter is also believed to be the origin of the HM. Finally, in our search for the HM-AFMs, we find LaACrTc O6 and LaACrRe O6 to be AFM insulators of an unconventional type in the sense that the two antiferromagnetic coupled ions consist of two different elements and that the two spin-resolved densities of states are no longer the same. It is hoped that our interesting predictions would stimulate further experimental searches for the HM-AFMs which have so far been unsuccessful.

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